Miniature version of a tree curated in a small container by trimming its roots and branches. Each Specimen of bonsai trees needs different requirements such as soil type, amount of sun, watering schedule, NPK fertalizer levels and much more.
Bonsai (盆栽 Japanese) is a Japanese art form and tradition dating back over a thousand years.
A miniature version of a tree or bush is grown in a small pot or container, frequent trimming of the roots and branches shapes the plant's growth in a way as to grow no larger than the container(containers).
Other cultures have similar practices such as penjing and hòn non bộ from China (where the art originated) and Vietnam respectively.
In English, "bonsai" is a catch-all term for all miniature trees in containers or pots.