I am looking into the development of a hydroponics system with artificial lighting and temperature. Is there a chart showing daylight time and type(Cloud, Direct, etc.) and temperatures between plants for ideal production?
It depends on which plants and which part of their cycle you are trying to emulate.
Tomatoes as a tropical perennial will always benefit from 12 or more hours of direct sunlight every day.
However many herbs needs dormancy, such as parsley in order to go to seed in their second year.
You may not want seed however and will remove the parsley after its first year and replace with fresh.
It really all depends on what environment you are trying to emulate.