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6 votes
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What exactly is top soil?

Topsoil just means the top layer of soil, which might be anywhere from a five inch layer on the worse end, to a layer 12 inches thick - average is about a fork's depth, or roughly 8 inches, but it ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
6 votes
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A section of land/soil is bad due to salt? How to fix?

First thing is to plot out the soil profile for the area. Remediation measures depend very much on what type of soil you have, whether clay, sand, silt or loam and what mixture of each. Clay will be ...
Colin Beckingham's user avatar
5 votes
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How can I fix my garden turf?

I think that the problem is that you don't have a layer of thatch built up yet. Most lawns have too much thatch and they have to work on removing it. If you can just stay the course, I think that it ...
Ben Welborn's user avatar
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4 votes
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Should I compact topsoil before laying turf?

Well the answer depends on exactly what preparation you've already done to the turf bed. If you dug the area over and removed all weeds, especially perennial ones, that should then be raked level and ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
4 votes

Lawn top dressing - how much and how long does the grass need to get through?

If the grass is in active growth (so, right now, northern hemisphere, where it's raining from time to time or irrigated) 1/4" (6-7mm) every couple of weeks is fairly safe. Every week is probably safe, ...
Ecnerwal's user avatar
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4 votes

Do we need to replace mulch with soil?

Interesting question. Going by probabilities alone, unless you can establish that the previous owners were running some kind of garage on the property, parked leaky vehicles there or other industrial ...
Colin Beckingham's user avatar
4 votes

Do we need to replace mulch with soil?

That's a real trick question. Even here people are sometimes advised to use pesticides for little diseases or pests that wouldn't kill the plants... And amateurs often use too much of the thing. So ...
J. Chomel's user avatar
  • 3,740
4 votes

After spending a day digging topsoil, what should I do to clean the bottoms of my shoes?

I just use the garden hose on high to blast mud out of the grooves in my shoes, especially if there's any possibility of manure being present. Rubbing my boots into grass doesn't work for me. Of ...
Graham Chiu's user avatar
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4 votes
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New topsoil has puddles on it

I thought you were probably in the UK... First, let's just establish that we've had a fair bit of rain in the last few days with these storm conditions, so that might account for puddles for an hour ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
3 votes
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Rocks and sticks in loam used by landscaper. What to do?

Mmm yes there is a problem here. You don't say roughly what area you are located but let's say you are in a temperate zone. Part of the lawn installation process would be "fine grading" where a ...
Colin Beckingham's user avatar
3 votes

What exactly is top soil?

Top soil is the top horizon or layer in a soil profile. It is distinguished by having the most organic matter because it is the soil beneath the organic layer; the organic layer is where the leaves ...
stormy's user avatar
  • 40.4k
3 votes

How can I fix my garden turf?

I would try putting some fertilizer on that part of the lawn and providing enough water to see if that helps. That should help with the overall health of the lawn and getting it to look like the ...
JStorage's user avatar
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3 votes

Laying new topsoil, what if anything to mix in for worms or to kickstart healthy ecosystem?

Pity you didn't ask before all this work. To remove the top layer of soil beneath that concrete is just sad. But people commonly do this anyway. Purchasing topsoil the composition is never an exact ...
stormy's user avatar
  • 40.4k
3 votes

Laying new topsoil, what if anything to mix in for worms or to kickstart healthy ecosystem?

I recall your question a few weeks back about changing levels in your garden - seems like you've gone ahead and had most of the work done professionally, as suggested. With regard to replacement soil, ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
3 votes

Ideal way to fill in a large hole (from a goldfish pond)

There is a permaculture practice of burying logs underground called Hugelkulture. I haven't personally tried this before, but the idea is to start with very large logs or whole trees, followed by ...
MyNameisTK's user avatar
  • 1,092
3 votes

What are the long term effects of adding iron oxide pigments to soil?

Whilst the Iron (II,III) oxide in pigments is usually manufactured, it does occur naturally as the mineral magnetite. It will gradually be converted into other iron compounds - exactly which will ...
George of all trades's user avatar
3 votes
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Why is sand mixed in when levelling grass?

The sand is there to help prevent the soil from clumping; it also makes it easier for the material to work its way between the blades of grass and onto the soil. Frankly, any well-screened material ...
Jurp's user avatar
  • 19.5k
2 votes

How can I fix my garden turf?

If I had your problem I would: Rent a SOD CUTTER. Get rid of that mess, the lighter colored what ever. Use that debris turned upside down for a new plant bed somewhere. Get some topsoil from a ...
stormy's user avatar
  • 40.4k
2 votes

Rocks and sticks in loam used by landscaper. What to do?

In my experience in the industry, you're probably getting screwed. Bottom line - the contract stated "screened loam" and there is no way that what was delivered was screened loam. It's possibly not ...
Jurp's user avatar
  • 19.5k
2 votes

How can I remove crabgrass from a Zoysia lawn, and flower beds?

Re the flowerbeds, yes, you need to dig them over and extract all weed roots, preferably without leaving any behind. The guy at Home Depot's advice was incorrect though - if you want to use Round Up, ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
2 votes
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Lawn top dressing - how much and how long does the grass need to get through?

Two weeks later after lots of rain and adding soil then 1" of gardening soil and grass seeds and then another 1" of gardening soil Note: the first picture was taken shortly after I installed the path ...
MiniMe's user avatar
  • 1,889
2 votes
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Redoing the lawn and improving soil

Farmers have been dealing with the problem of stones and chunks of debris in fields for centuries. Mostly the problem presents problems for tools - breakage, wear and so on that slow production down ...
Colin Beckingham's user avatar
2 votes

Can there be a calcium deficiency despite plenty of calcium in the soil test

The test results also give "excess lime results as - HIGH ", so the soil has plenty of calcium. Root hairs can generate enzymes and " other stuff" as necessary to solubilize ...
blacksmith37's user avatar
  • 8,774
2 votes
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Mix topsoil with compost for vegetable garden

Yes, that is OK. Joe the Gardener uses 50% top soil, 40% compost, and 10% "other amendments" for raised garden beds. Unfortunately though, 'top soil' and 'compost' can be a little vague, ...
MackM's user avatar
  • 548
1 vote

Turf laid just on topsoil?

I’m in London Garden path laid on concrete with Smooth concrete sloping sides down to existing lawn. Top soil to be laid on top of sloping concrete then turf on top soil. Will it work long term? Will ...
Martin's user avatar
  • 41
1 vote

How compact can your topsoil be before laying sod?

The problem with compaction by vehicle is that it can easily destroy the ability of the soil to drain well. It also makes it more difficult for any plant's roots to move through the soil as they ...
Jurp's user avatar
  • 19.5k
1 vote

Do I need to add new topsoil when redoing my lawn?

No, it's not necessary to add new topsoil, you just need to prepare the area properly by turning it over, removing any weeds by the root and extracting any large pebbles/rocks, level of, walk all ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
1 vote

Soil to buy for potted plants?

Not topsoil, no, if its for pots/containers, you need potting soil, which is specially designed for use in pots and has been treated to remove pathogens which might be present in topsoil and composts. ...
Bamboo's user avatar
  • 134k
1 vote

What type of soil do I have

You have clay soil thats also filled with rocks which sort of leaves you with 2 options. 1) dig down untill you find no more rocks/stones and then backfill with the same soil by first sifting it ...
Hamid Sabir's user avatar

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