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7

How impressive! I think you can relax - this is not a sign of a massive insect infestation and not a fungus, but one of nature’s wonders known as slime mold. The “eggs” are the spore-carrying fruiting bodies. They come in lots of different shapes and colors, some with a striking resemblance to insect eggs. This one looks a bit like yours, for example. If ...


5

Zinc is tricky, soil can contain a higher ppm than what you might want (10 ppm or so) without it being a problem because a good portion of the zinc is being held within the iron and oxides which is actually not available to the plants. Soil pH will contribute to dictating zincs accessibility/solubility where a higher pH equates to a lower solubility. For ...


4

20cm of gravel is an unusually high amount - the layer is more often less than half that. Presumably the double membrane beneath is perhaps because it's the thinnest membrane so they doubled up. If you want to start planting other stuff in there, you might as well accept that the only way you're going to do that successfully is to remove the gravel, take ...


4

"Toxicity" is about plant. Some will not growth well. It is not about human toxicity (which depends on plants). Mushroom could have more zinc, in general compost could have more metals (and if you used also ash you get more). Compost concentrate stuffs (but water and carbon). Because metals are used on very few quantities, it could add. Topsoil could be ...


4

The front bed looks unusual; high pH, high metals Zn, Cu and Fe. Looks like some contribution from domestic scrap metals. High pH and phosphorus could be TSP used to clean something. Maybe grow something like annual rye grass for a season to let it rest or mellow. I use TSP as a fertilizer for P but I have a very acidic soil so the alkalinity is no problem ...


4

Apart from the heavy soil, your primary problem is lack of sunlight in the growing area. What you need is somewhere that gets all the sun that's going, but a minimum of 8 hours a day is essential (during summer). Herbs and vegetables all like full sunlight, though they will cope with a little shade, and a greater amount of sun exposure would reduce the ...


3

Worms in the garden are excellent. Worms in a plant pot mean big trouble for the plant, because there isn't much for the worms to eat except the plant's roots. This is one reason why potted plants should never be grown in soil just dug up from a garden - you have no idea what is actually in there. The worms may have been worm eggs, when you filled up that ...


3

How much root ball has to be planted in the soil? Answer, all of it. You should replant trees to the same depth they were growing before they were moved. Deeper or shallower can both cause problems. Rather than trying to somehow balance your tree on the top of the ground (and hope the first strong wind doesn't blow it down) choose species that like being ...


3

Trees have roots in the ground that breathe. They don't like grade changes like you are proposing as it reduces oxygen exchange. It is not safe to add 10 cm of manure at once It is safe to add it in 1 or 2 cm portions manure should be composted. The high nitrogen levels of chicken manure, for example, can burn roots


3

The water in the bottle test is almost transparent, so the proportion of clay cannot be significant otherwise the water would remain murky for a long time - unless you have had the bottle standing for a couple of weeks or put in in a centrifuge... It is true that significant sand component would not lead to cracks in dry soil, so this indicates a ...


3

I don't know how many Vigoro triple mixes exist, if more than one, but the Vigoro triple mix that I've read about online since seeing your question is advertised as being usable for vegetables. So, the company at least seems to think we should think it's safe. However, it's supposed to be used more as a soil amendment or mulch than anything, as I understand ...


3

I thought you were probably in the UK... First, let's just establish that we've had a fair bit of rain in the last few days with these storm conditions, so that might account for puddles for an hour or two, but no, it's not usual for puddling to remain for any longer than that because the soil 'hasn't settled', in fact, quite the opposite. You say the ...


2

Something like this maybe https://www.seedman.com/plantge.htm It's "plant gel" I've bought some plants that came in it.


2

Just a small thought to add, most sands on tropical atolls are derived from coral, as such the last thing the sand needs for plant to grow in it is more alkaline material. I find a mix of sand with compost 50x50 and used in containers will grow tomatoes,eggplant, and peppers with the help of some magnesium sulphate and seaweed tea. .


2

Since anyone can set up their own triple mix business without regulation and there are no controls over what can actually be in it there is no such thing as a strict database of scientific information for this product; MSDS depends on the fact that the products listed are very narrowly defined and consistent. There have been some efforts to define what ...


2

Any soil can get so dry (so desiccated) that the normally hydrophilic particles turn to one another for their hydroxyl ions. It isn't wrong to call them hydrophobic while in that state, although it's an electrostatic condition rather than a soil-type, and can equally apply to clay or organic molecules in the soil. Where both are present it may involve both. ...


2

It should be okay - if there's a weed growing in it, its obviously not toxic, though it might by now be full of weed seeds, as well as being relatively inert because its been baked by the sun and left open for a long time. I'd probably risk using it, but would add some basic fertilizer to it, something with an NPK of around 7-7-7, because there will be none ...


2

Yes, throw it all out and use fresh compost. You can throw it on your garden or compost heap, not in the waste bin, of course. The ecosystem you have in a small pot isn't diverse enough to decompose the old roots, and in any case that would take months or years to complete. For example having earthworms (and smaller soil-dwelling animals) living in a pot ...


2

Without laboratory testing of soil samples, the usual test is to plant and see how things grow. You say you grew vegetables this year and they were fine, which would indicate the soil is fertile. A period of being fallow, or lying uncultivated, (assuming the soil is not already a 'dust bowl' which is unlikely throughout most of Europe) does allow the soil to ...


2

No. Generally, when a seed germinates, it produces what will be its first root - often, a stem or shoot will start growing within a few days, even though there is not yet much root material. As the seedling produces more roots, the topgrowth increases too, and that will be the same in ether size of pod you're using, though the one in the smaller pod will ...


2

Both perlite and vermiculite are open mined in various countries. Perlite is what's known as volcanic 'glass', whereas vermiculite is actually a mica like mineral. Perlite is also put through a heating process to persuade it to 'pop' in order for it to be useful in potting soil as well as other applications. Both materials have a number of other uses, ...


2

Now is not the time for gardening in the UK, but now IS the time for removing the old fence and putting in new fencing, removing the shed (if you want it removed and I think you do) and work out where you want a patio and a new shed. Don't worry about the lawn for the time being, ignore it; it looks like it needs replacing anyway, so that's best done in ...


2

"However, I feel like the direct sunlight would lead the to cover crops decomposing more quickly because of photodegradation? Am I totally wrong about that?"- fnwovnwownf Well no, you aren't totally wrong about that. However, the microbial and macro decomposers are going to be far more effective. Decomposers like the mulch; it keeps the sun and the eyes of ...


2

According to what you said, The land does not absorb water as fast as the normal soil. Soil remains wet in the inside for a good amount of time. It means that your soil has poor infiltration (movement of water is slow), this is a result of lack of pore space. This is common in sodic soil because sodium disperse aggregates which could results in ...


1

It does look rather like garden soil, but perhaps it's difficult or impossible to get proper potting soil where you are, even for plant suppliers. Regardless, best to buy some new potting soil (known as potting compost in the UK) if it's available to pot up any new plants you get. Note also that no plant should ever be put in a pot that does not have ...


1

Two good effects and one bad. The wood ash will leave a little potassium (K) , and probably some charcoal which can improve soil. It may "bake" and harden the soil but this will break-up easily , and it will reduce organics in the soil but the charcoal could offset this factor.


1

It depends what state it is in before you start. If you disturb the soil to the same depth over the whole lawn, it will settle evenly, and you won't notice. But if you are re-landscaping it and you have 3 inches of depth of tilled soil in some places and 2 feet of new topsoil dumped in others, the longer you can wait before you replant it the better (at ...


1

You have clay soil thats also filled with rocks which sort of leaves you with 2 options. 1) dig down untill you find no more rocks/stones and then backfill with the same soil by first sifting it using a soil screen or replace it all together with new soil and then amend the soil using compost. I had worked on a similar project and the dept i had to go down ...


1

One possibility given the high iron content as well is that lots of galvanised metal has ended up there. This could be a patch that's been used as a dumping ground in the past (high copper as well), perhaps only for short periods such as during renovation work indoors, and perhaps quite a long time ago. High iron and zinc could also have been someone ...


1

Clear absorbent beads will do. Cheapest supply get a used nappy from a baby. can also use "proper" gel product used for adding to soils.


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