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9

There is a big difference between manure from ruminants (e.g. cows) and non-ruminants (e.g. horses, chickens, etc). Non-ruminant herbivores produce poo which is relatively bulky and contains a lot of undigested plant material. This material is degraded rather quickly by bacteria, but until that happens the manure is traditionally described as "hot", and ...


9

There are two possible problems that could come from using manure on root vegetables, one of which only applies to fresh manure and the other is more applicable to fresh manure also. The first, and the most obvious, is the potential for contamination. If you're putting the manure into the soil, the part of the vegetable you eat is growing in direct contact ...


9

Unless harmful elements fell into your manure during those 20 years without your knowledge, it certainly shouldn't hurt anything. It might not be as potent as properly matured and composted manure, that's all. Concerning your clay soil : don't work in your garden if it rained in the last 2 days to avoid compacting the soil.


8

There's no conflict between your data. Worms clearly eat animal manure, and the bacteria and fungi that comes with it. But it's recommended that you use aged (horse) manure to avoid heating up the worm bin when the manure starts to compost.


8

One suggestion might be Couch grass. I make this suggestion for the following reasons: applying "hot" materials to anything with a light fibrous root system will have an enormous effect on the root hairs and if severe enough will kill the plant. A similar "hot" material is wood ash or human liquid waste, both of which in undiluted form will kill many plants. ...


7

If you are going to do what you ask, use human and pet wastes to fertilize your 'fruits and vegetables', there are a couple of things to keep in mind: 1. Processing waste material Human wastes can and have been used to fertilize crops. The city of Milwaukee sells Milorganite to farmers, which is just processed human waste from the city. A good minimum ...


7

Not unless you particularly fancy a dose of e-coli, worms, parasites and a host of other enteric nasties you could be infected with from using it. Generally speaking, manures from herbivores are okay, but even those must be composted prior to use, so composted animal manures are fine - but only if you're not growing root crops such as carrots or parsnips, ...


7

Hmm... well, I don't know the particulars about the straw bedding you've got there but I can tell you the experience here on our farm and what I know about composting horse manure, having done it for the past 10 years or so. We also compost rabbit, chicken and goat manures here. Horse manure definitely needs to be composted. A horse's digestive system is ...


7

I grow carrots and I don't believe roots branching off has anything to do with manure.i use kelp for manure. I sift my soil and mix it with sand and I have perfect 16 to 18in carrots every time with no roots branching off. Prior to doing this I didn't sift my soil or mix with sand and my carrots had branches everywhere. I think the branches on carrots are ...


7

First, cow dung doesn't have a very high level of nitrogen, specially compared to other forms of manure - the problem with fresh cow dung is a very high ammonia level, but if its dried in heat or sun, the ammonia should be significantly reduced, along with any serious pathogens present. NPK levels for average cow manure are roughly 3-2-1, with some trace ...


7

Sounds like perfect stuff. You are going into winter, yes? If you are, just put it on top of the beds thickly. This will help keep the weed seeds already in the soil from germinating as well. In the spring, when your soil has dried, double dig your vegetable beds 3' in width throwing the clay soil on top of the manure. Micro and macro organisms have ...


6

1) Lime and manure are best done at different times. Best would have been to do the lime in the fall - putting the lime on NOW would be better than waiting any longer. 2) You simply can't tell what people mean by well-rotted because people are not consistent in their use of the term. 3) ...would depend on 2). The Inverse of 4) Squash and tomatoes will ...


6

Ask any kid who grew up on a small ranch or dairy who's kicked apart the cow pats. They're mostly grass, the nitrogen has mostly been extracted by the digestive process (Go Ruminants!). And the red worms take over the cow pats pretty quickly after a week or two and go to town. If you're getting cow pen waste, it's a different matter as the urine content ...


6

For pathogen concerns, stock/standard advice often enshrined in regulations is "not less than 120 days before harvest." So if you are adding fresh steer poop (which you should not, in most cases) do so a minimum of 4 months before your planned harvest date. As an instance where you might actually do this, consider the "compost in place" approach where you'd ...


6

It's a little bit complicated - properly composted manure can be added to potting mixes, but its the 'properly' composted bit where the problem arises. Manure should be composted with other materials for up to two years (horse manure with straw, for instance), and turned regularly so that the pile of composting manure heats up to pretty high temperatures. ...


6

The usefulness of a manure depends on how the animal digests its food and the way it excretes it. Cows are ruminants with a 4 chambered stomach so that they are maximally able to extract nutrients from the grass. Cattle manure is basically made up of digested grass and grain. Cow dung is high in organic materials and rich in nutrients. It contains about ...


5

I can't see any reason why you shouldn't use it anywhere you want to - the green growth is likely algae, which will grow in damp conditions in daylight or sunlight inside the bag. Home Depot seems to sell a combination product of steer manure mixed with organic compost, so maybe that's what you've actually got - either way, the steer manure should be well ...


5

Root vegetables should be just as fine as any other root plant in my mind. They will take in those nutrients and everything like any other. I say they will be fine and that is that. Maybe they were talking about fresh manure, which would burn the plant/root.


5

Fresh manure also can transfer E. Coli to garden vegetables, so you should always make sure your manure is well composted, for around 3-4 months. If it's still smells very strongly, it's probably too fresh.


5

This is not a weird question at all. Growing up in India, I saw cow dung used in a 100 odd ways all the time. But, I don't believe in these miracles. I am almost certain that they are touting these one-offs in an exaggerated manner, because if cow dung could produce such results, every inch of South India would be a dense tropical jungle, I assure you, sadly,...


4

If you do not have room for a full compost pit, consider a worm compost box. There are many ready made plastic worm composters you can buy online or if you are handy you can make them out of wood. This has the added benefit of being better protected from pests like raccoon or skunk than simply trying to open air compost. It also gives you worm castings, ...


4

The problem with composting crap is the possibility of contagion and parasite transfer. Even if material is covered, it takes a lot of covering to block all the flies. Flies transfer bacteria at minimum, and smaller worm eggs aren't impossible. However, if you want to do this, I would suggest doing it via a composting toilet. In your climate the Sunny ...


4

As a general rule I like to make soil amendments in the fall so they marry over the winter and become more available to the plants. I however don't often make many amendments to the soil, I usually just mulch with a well rounded 3 year old compost built from principally from tree leaves (I leave my fall leaf drop alone until spring, this allows the leaves ...


3

You could try sprinkling food grade diatomaceous earth around the garden area where they frequent, but it requires reapplication once it gets wet. It will desiccate the insect's exoskeleton (it doesn't discriminate the good from the bad). Roaches tend to clean themselves frequently so they should get it on them. I would mix in a ratio of powdered sugar or ...


3

I agree that the bag of manure is just as good now as it was last year. I sometimes find that there is really not much manure in there and that it is a lot of other material. I like to go to a local farmer and get manure and then let it sit for a year or two to rot and decompose and I have excellent luck with it. Just don't get fresh manure and use it ...


3

Yeah, mixing them is fine! I looked at the products you got, and they look composted well enough I think the best application method would be directly mixing into the top inches of the soil. I think that's better than diluting it in water, because it will stay in the soil better, and you won't lose as much nitrogen through evaporation/leaching. But in any ...


3

It depends on what you mean by human waste. If solids, then these need to be composted first. A hot composting system can render these into compost in 18 days and can kill off all pathogenic microbes. If not, then you need to leave it for longer, up to 2 years depending on the composting method. If liquid, then it needs to be diluted before being ...


3

Aquarium water can be used to water the plant. The water contains rich nutrients for plant growth. Be careful if you have been using medication in the aquarium water. The medication can affect the plant. Besides, do not raise any plant on aquarium water alone. Fresh water should be the primary means of watering. You can add aquarium water once or ...


3

Locally a horse-keeper uses sawdust in his stables instead of straw. While I don't know whether this is better or worse for horses it actually solved my problem of "purity". The horse-owner just scrapes away the "produce" of the horse including a small amount of sawdust instead of replacing huge amounts of straw. Turns out that the resulting manure is ...


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