14

Once the foliage dies back, the beans are mature, but must be dried. If you can't or don't want to dry them on the stalk, pull or cut the stems and hang them by the bases in a dry, airy place. Once the pods are completely dry, and the beans are hard, you can save them for storage. If the foliage is still healthy and green, leave the pods on the plants. ...


9

An important thing that many people miss is that if a cover crop produces fruit and seed (beans in your case) it is no longer a cover crop or green manure, but a crop, which depletes the soil rather than rebuilding it. That is, all the nitrogen a legume has put into the soil during the growth stage, is consumed by the plant during the fruiting stage. So if ...


8

The pod is considered a specialised leaf structure, and in the Fabaceae family are formed from a single carpel, whereas in Brassica species it is formed from two fused carpels. Its role is to protect and feed the developing seeds and is connected to them by the funiculus as seen in the second image. Initially, the developing seed (bean) obtains its storage ...


8

Normally with cover crops you want them to grow as long as possible, where possible is influenced by: When you plan to plant the actual crop (including some time for breakdown of the cover crop residues.) Is the cover crop about to set seed and become a weed through self-seeding? The tops/leaves are also valuable material - you can either incorporate them ...


7

Usually, you would wait until the plants are in full flower, and have no ripe seeds, then cut/mow the tops down and turn them under. This will add the most nitrogen to the soil (the green tops are very high in Nitrogen), and the soil microorganism population will jump, increasing nutrient availability. In a raised bed, if you don't want to turn the tops ...


6

Fava beans are a favored fall cover crop because they enrich the soil, protect against nutrient loss, feed the rhizobacteria, and produce a high protein food. It's usually sewed straight after your summer crop so that you get a month or so of growth and nitrogen fixation before the cold weather sets in slowing growth down. It should be cut to the ground ...


5

They like full sun, but don't like temperatures much above 75 deg F. If your temperatures are regularly much higher in full sun, it might be sensible to either move them where there's some protection from midday sun, or provide some shading for them. Moving them out of the sun permanently isn't such a good idea. It depends how long they've been growing ...


3

Firstly, you should dig the bed over to break up the beans' nodules and release nutrients evenly throughout the bed. You don't even have to bury the top growth: you can lay it on the bed as a mulch. Doing this it'll make no difference whether or not it has dried out, although damp foliage is heavier thus less likely to blow away. Mulching will feed the ...


2

They're not getting enough sun. Your plants are etiolated. They want at least six straight hours of direct sunlight, minimum. 8-12 is better. Move them to a sunnier spot. Also, in a pot, you want to use potting mix, not garden soil. This is because of drainage issues in the very different environment, mostly. Next time, you can use a quality potting mix, ...


2

Wilting of the flowers before setting fruit is called flower abortion and one of the main causes it happens in broad beans is aphid infestation. The presence of ants signals that they might be farming aphids on your plants. You have to control the aphids and the ants, othrwise there won't be much to harvest. Use insecticidal soap or biological insecticides ...


2

In temperate UK, fava beans (or "broad beans" as we call them) are planted either in fall or spring. Both will crop in the summer after planting. The reasons we plant the previous year are mainly to get an earlier crop, but also for sturdier plants with better resistance to aphids etc. I planted mine in autumn/winter and am eating them now, but in the past I'...


1

To use this as a green mulch which adds nitrogen to the soil, wait until they're about to flower, and then mow them down and let dry. Then dig into the soil. That ensures that all the nitrogen that the plant has produced is returned to the soil. You then wait 2-3 weeks before planting your vegetables. If you let them flower, and form beans, then all the ...


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