I will be spending four months on Lanzarote this year, an arid island off the African coast, and want to grow vegetables for home consumption there.
The summer is sunny, hot, and dry; local agriculture (mostly potatoes, squash, carrots) is suspended until the winter months. Extreme temperatures during the summer have been known to reach 38-40°C (about 100-105°F).
There will be access to water, but it's expensive so water economy is an issue. I'm looking into things like wicking beds to minimize water use.
This year, I will be there between June and late September before moving there permanently next year. This June, I would like to start to get my bearings, build the soil, and try out some vegetables to see whether they are viable in summer.
Because the climate is so different here, the usual seasonal growth charts you get for veggies don't seem to really apply.
How would I determine what vegetables even have a faintest fighting chance in this climate, with June as a planting date? (or is that date completely unsuitable?)
Here are the average temperatures on the island: