I let my neighbors dump their vegetable trimmings in my compost pile, and it's worked well for many years. I don't tend to actively maintain my compost pile and only turn it once a year. (screen the stuff from the bottom when I'm turning over the garden in the spring, then throw all of the rest of it back in to sit 'til next year).

Unfortunately, last year my neighbors broke the container they had been using in their kitchen for compost, and I got them a new indoor compost container. I bought it online and didn't realize that it used bags. They've been using it, and my outdoor compost pile is overflowing with the bags. I've looked at the store, and the refills all seem to say variants of 'for municipal composting'.

Is there some way of dealing with compostable bags in a personal compost pile? Do I just have to break them open? Heat them up sufficiently? Or do I need to go through and attempt to remove them all?

update : I took at look at the box, and there's text on it that says :

Bags are certified to meet ASTM D6400 standards. This means they will break down in an industrial composting facility. Please dispose of bags properly. Bags may take more time to degrade in a home composting environment.

The bags themselves say they're made from cornstarch.


1 Answer 1


TL;DR: Generally it's best not to add compostable plastics to your compost pile because most plastic types do not break down in home compost piles. If the bag has a genuine 'compostable' logo then give it 90 days to see if this bag is compostable in your pile or not.

The problem with compostable plastics is that many plastic manufacturers use a different definition of compostable than you'd expect.

That which is capable of undergoing biological decomposition in a compost site such that the material is not visually distinguishable and breaks down into carbon dioxide, water, inorganic compounds and biomass at a rate consistent with known compostable materials. (source: ASTM D6002 standard)

This definition says nothing about the needed temperatures in the composting process nor does it say anything about the toxicity of the resulting substances. The only criterium is the speed at which the plastic breaks down. Luckily there are stricter and better standards; the US ASTM D6400, the European EN 13432 and the Australian AS4736. These standards have a very low limit for the amount of heavy metals and toxic substances that are allowed in the resulting compost (but this limit isn't zero).

The result of all these different standards is that most compostable plastics can be broken down, but usually only in industrial recycling centers where the plastics are heated to very high temperatures for several days. If you put compostable plastics on your compost heap you'll find that it won't break down because the temperatures aren't high enough. The resulting 'compost' from industrial recycling centers usually is fairly safe, but it depends on how strict the definition of compostable is where you live and which standard applies.

The only standard that guarantees that a product can be home composted is the Australian AS 5810. There are also some marks that guarantee this, but so far I haven't seen them in real life so they are probably scarce. More info about this in this question about home compostable plastics.

Note that there is a difference between compostable and biodegradable plastics. For biodegradable plastics there are no maximum levels of toxic chemicals or heavy metals, they just need to break down much faster than traditional plastics.

More info:

EDIT: I did some research; here it says that the particular bags you are referring to are ASTM-D6400 certified. This means that 60% of the material should break down within 180 days. The question remains under which circumstances. There is one review that says that

... they break down in my compost 30-60 days after mixing in depending on the temperature.

so these bags may be really compostable in your compost pile. I'd suggest you give it 90 days to see if this is the case.

  • Thanks, I had missed that comment ... of course, I have no idea where that person lives (typical temperatures) or what style of composting they're doing.
    – Joe
    Commented Feb 21, 2014 at 1:14
  • @Joe Is there any indication on the bags what material they are made of?
    – THelper
    Commented Feb 21, 2014 at 10:35
  • The bags themselves say cornstarch. The box doesn't say anything.
    – Joe
    Commented Feb 21, 2014 at 14:12
  • 1
    @Joe Most cornstarch plastic bags are made of PLA and that needs heat to break down.
    – THelper
    Commented Feb 24, 2014 at 8:40

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