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I pomegranate is 4 years old has never set fruit as lots of blooms The branches are very long and leggy My tree is about 5 to 6 ft tall. Question on why it's not setting fruit and how to trim it back.

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    Please edit your post with a photograph of the plant in question, and let us know what variety of pomegranate, how and where the plant is growing -- climate, soil type, amount of sun it gets -- and its growing conditions -- in a pot or in the ground, watering schedule, feeding schedule, etc. Thanks and welcome to the site.
    – Niall C.
    Commented Oct 10, 2023 at 20:13
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    Do you have pollinators? That's how flowers set fruit. Pruning is art, and you have to use your eyes. A good start is shortening all long branches to a roughly round shape, say, 4' across. A pomegranate is naturally a shrub, not tree. Commented Oct 10, 2023 at 22:27
  • 4 years? You may need to wait more (my experience, with a possibly not-ideal climate, OTOH no consistency between different plants). Commented Oct 11, 2023 at 15:05

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Most pomegranates are self-fruitful, that is, they have all the flower parts necessary for producing fruit successfully under ideal conditions. Let's think positively and assume that your plant is one of these; if purchased from a reputable supplier you might check this with them. Plants which are not self-fruitful are normally sold with a proviso that you need two distinct compatible varieties for fruit to appear. If there was no warning you should be okay.

So if these plants are producing flowers then something must be interfering with the process. A couple of examples might be: too cold when the blooms open, or not handled roughly enough. For example apples which are self-fruitful or not may be pollinated but the process does not complete correctly if there is a period of cold weather at bloom time, and tomatoes which are self-fruitful may not set fruit if there is no shaking movement to dislodge the pollen and allow it to fall or blow onto the receiving parts of the flower. The shaking is normally not a problem in a windy location or in frequent rain events.

So your challenge is to think of all the ways that pollination might actually happen but not be successful.

When pruning, try to make sure that some active shoots are left on the branches.

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