I have a variegated hybrid of a Ficus elastica, which I was given as a small cutting about 10 years ago. It's currently just over a meter tall, with one branch. It's been in a 21cm diameter pot (a little deeper than that - what is called a "trade gallon" in the US) for at least five years. I've intentionally left it in that small pot because I'm trying to keep it at a reasonable size; this appears to be working as its growth rate has dramatically slowed over the years.
My question about stress and light levels was to determine if the plant was "telling you" that it needed repotting. It doesn't seem to be, so there's no rush to move it into a larger pot. In fact, if it's happy, I would just leave it in the pot it's currently in. As for light, my plant has been in a second floor east-facing window since 2014. The sun doesn't rise above the roof of the house next door, so it gets direct sunlight only in the summer (maybe three hours per morning), which is when the majority of its growth takes place.
I water it whenever I remember to, or when the leaves droop, which may be once a month. Although F. elastica rather likes humidity, it can handle drought and, if I remember correctly, doesn't require much fertilizer (I maybe fertilize it annually, if even that often). So yes, I treat my plant very poorly, but it hangs in there and adds maybe 10-15 cm of growth each year. It rarely loses leaves, and when it does, only from the bottom of the plant (some do get some browning on them, though, if I forget to water it).
The biggest issue I've had with this "tall plant in a small pot" is top-heaviness, so there is a 1.25 meter stake in the pot with it, to prevent it from flopping.
My recommendation if you want or need to repot is to wait until spring, then place it in indirect light for about a month while it's rooting into the new potting soil.