I am planning to clear some trees from my property to make room for a garden. I would like to chip/shred the branches to be used as mulch and compost material. According to the Back to Eden gardening method, the wood chips that make the best mulch should be "arborist" chips that contain the leaves, needles, etc. to keep a good balance of green and brown materials.

If I want to chip the branches while they're still green, about how long after felling a tree do I have before the leaves turn from green material to brown? Is this on the order of days or weeks?

2 Answers 2


'Greens' and 'browns' in the context of composting are shorthand for categories of materials we can compost. It can be confusing because wood chips are 'browns', no matter how green they are!

'Browns' are any high-carbon organic material, like leaves, wood chips, cotton, cardboard, paper, or straw. These things are usually brown but they don't need to be, like your green tree branches.

'Greens' are pretty much anything else you compost and bring nitrogen and other nutrients. They are things like eggshells, coffee grounds, kitchen waste, cuttings from non-woody plants.

You can chip your branches when it is convenient for you- they will add 'brown' matter to the compost no matter when you do it.


Arborist wood chips are indeed the best mulch that you use in your garden. B ut Back to Eden is really not correct when Dr. Paul states that:

It is important to understand that the leaves are a source of nitrogen and the branches are a source of carbon. This ratio creates an ideal mulch gardening material when the wood chips have composted.

The leaves, needles, etc. are additional food for plants, yes, but extremely fleeting and not at all the main reason for using arborist wood chips. Check out this free, peer-reviewed fact sheet for much more information.

Is the good Dr expecting that you'll be replacing the wood chips after the green stuff breaks down? I should hope not, because that's a lot of useless work. You should top-dress your wood chips with more wood chips annually, but not more than an inch, and that won't contain a heck of a lot of green matter.

Whether the leaves are green or brown when you put the chips down is irrelevant, as mulch does not follow the same rules as a compost heap. Regardless of color, they'll break down naturally within a few weeks. I've used wood chips for about 20 years now, and have never worried about fertilizing my chips. And I've had very nice gardens, even on horrible clay.

  • Apologies for the confusion, I'm actually wondering how much time I have to do the chipping of branches while they are still green. Will edit the question to make that more clear.
    – Kyle McVay
    Commented Sep 4, 2021 at 14:36
  • 1
    OP's problem is how long he CAN wait, not how long he HAS to wait. Commented Sep 4, 2021 at 15:21
  • @PixelMaster As OP just commented, this is not at all clear in the original question. I stand by my answer - the OP can put the chips down green or brown - it doesn't matter whether the leaves are green or brown. His edit makes his intent much more obvious.
    – Jurp
    Commented Sep 4, 2021 at 22:30
  • 2
    @Jurp it's true, the edit makes it more obvious, but I think the original phrasing "about how long after felling a tree do I have" also makes it the intent clear enough. Either way, your answer doesn't answer the question in its past or present state, as OP is asking how long he can wait, and you only state that his method is good (which is absolutely not what was asked). Commented Sep 6, 2021 at 7:01
  • As I stated, put the chips down with green leaves in them and "There is no need to wait for the leaves to turn brown first." So, yes, I answered the question. I will clarify a bit in an update.
    – Jurp
    Commented Sep 6, 2021 at 13:31

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.