The best are succulents like cactus, sedum, euphorbia, echinacea, mesembranthemum, aloe, agave
Ficus elastica can grow tall like a tree, depending on the dimensions of the pot. In the garden I saw them 3-5 meters high in the Balearic islands
They all ask for very little watering: once every 2 weeks or less and
no water in the winter. They can flower.
In north of Italy they need water from March/April till September/October
They suffer if they have too much water or stagnant water, so they need a good drain. They
suffer from the weight of snow also, so you have to repair them if snow falls, by a light plastic cover (which lets air pass through)
They need a non-calcareous soil, fertilization with a water soluble chelated iron fertilizer and phosphorus, 2-3 times every year, or whenever you see them looking pale.
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) needs daily water, half day sun. In temperate zones they may be planted yearly in little pots and repotted when they are 2 cm high after cold
Rosemary and sage are perennial. They need a south exposure and a wall behind and to be kept dry as they suffer from molds
Thyme and Melissa want some shade (they grow in Mediterranean forest under the trees).
Bay laurel (Laurum officinalis) - very nice and easy to dry - very difficult to plant in a different pot