I have been maintaining a relatively new lawn over the last two seasons (it was seeded two years ago). My primary goals right now are to encourage the lawn to fill in better/thicken up, and to keep undesirable plants from becoming established, without use of herbicides.

To that second goal, the obvious, if laborious, strategy is mechanical removal. In my previous home, with a much smaller lawn, I found that after a season or two of catching up on the dandelions, the effort actually wound up being relatively minimal. The new home has a much larger lawn (almost 1/2 acre of grass), but so far that same strategy seems workable. A few hours a week is enough to keep up with the obvious weeds, i.e. anything clearly not grass.

What I'm having trouble with are the plants that are some type of grass, but which I might not necessarily want to thrive in this lawn. And first and foremost of those grasses is Poa annua. I'd like to remove this, but for now let other grasses grow and see how they do. But I'm not sure which is which, even after looking at lots of different "identify this grass" articles and photos (including on this site).

Hence my question: if I'm trying to distinguish the Poa annua from other grasses that might otherwise appear similar, can I rely on the presence of flowers/seeds during the spring season to indicate the Poa annua?

For example, here are some photos of grass that I've tentatively identified as Poa annua, based mainly on the fact that they are flowering now:

poa annua 1

poa annua 2

poa annua 3

The above aren't growing as vigorously as many of the photos I've seen online, but otherwise they seem very similar. Most important though, they are the only grasses flowering in the lawn right now, and all the grasses flowering look a lot like this. The color is lighter green than the main lawn, the leaves are generally broader and often laying closer to the ground, and there are generally between two up to maybe a dozen stalks with the flowers.

I contrast these to the following, which have similar color and shape but generally which are actually growing more vigorously. Another notable difference is that in many cases, these seem to have a purplish color to the base of the stem, which I haven't noticed on the grass I think is Poa annua.

not poa annua 1

not poa annua 2

not poa annua 3

(Sorry for the extra green color on that last one...the phone camera seems to have gotten the white balance wrong on that one, and I couldn't completely fix it on the computer. Suffice to say, the actual colors are much more like those seen in the other photos.)

And for more context, here's the area of greatest intrusion by this "not Poa annua" grass. You can see that there are at least four or five separate clumps all together here:

not poa annua 4

I suspect that this other grass is a perennial ryegrass. Whether that's actually desirable in the lawn or not is, I suppose, open to debate. But for now, I'm happy to leave it and just focus on the Poa annua. If I can confirm that this other grass is for sure not Poa annua.

Additional background, if perhaps it would be useful in providing advice:

The first season involved just planting the seed and getting it to grow. The second season (last year) there was very little in the way of apparent undesirables initially, but toward the middle of the season I started to see lighter patches out in the middle of the dark green grass. I made a half-hearted attempt to remove these patches, to see what the outcome would be.

This season, I am seeing regrowth where I'd tried to remove them before, and in some cases it appears that the patch is now covering a much broader area.

After reading dozens of articles online about different grasses, I'm still confused, maybe even more confused than when I'd started, at least when it comes to identifying what I want to keep and what I don't.

What I've gathered:

  • Poa annua is almost universally disliked, except possibly by some golf courses. Unlike other weeds, it competes well even in grasses that are kept high and watered infrequently but deeply. I definitely would like to keep this out of my lawn.
  • Perennial ryegrasses seem to not have much of a better reputation, though for different reasons. I.e. they apparently are much less drought-tolerant than fescues and so where they wind up mixed in, the lawn often winds up with a patchy brown appearance when the ryegrass goes dormant but the other grasses don't.
  • On the other hand, ryegrasses are said to be a better choice in wetter areas, even if partially shaded.

One motivation for letting the ryegrass take over where it seems inclined to is that in that part of the lawn where it seems to be doing best (assuming I've correctly identified it, of course) really takes a beating during the winter. It looks okay from ground level, but from an upstairs window you can see all the gaps all over the place, and there are lots of places where the water from the rain just doesn't drain away very quickly. No standing puddles or anything like that, but lots wetter. These areas are where the lighter-green stuff seems to be doing better.

On the other hand, I've read some articles online saying that a seed blend for overseeding (I've overseeded last fall and this spring, though I'm worried I overseeded too early this spring, as I haven't seen much if any germination since putting the seed down a couple of months ago) should contain no more than 20% perennial ryegrass. The blend I'm using is Scott's Pacific Northwest, which given that that's where I live, I would have thought is well-balanced for my climate here in the PNW. But of the non-inert ingredients, it's got over 60% ryegrass (two kinds), and less than 40% fescues (three kinds).

The whole "ryegrass vs tall fescue vs fine fescue" thing seems to be a whole other level of fine-tuning, which is why for now I just want to focus on the Poa annua. But if there's some reason I should tackle other aspects now in spite of the extra complication, I'm open to suggestions.

  • What do you want? Lawn or a grass field? For the second: I would keep many species: they look much better, for the first: I would not way the flowers. Note: they get also vegetative. If you dislike because they have large leaves, just remove grass with large leaves, without proper identification. (There is a vegetative key for British isles, but I would not go in such direction). May 6 '21 at 15:46
  • @Giacomo: thanks for the note. I want a lawn. I don't know what "way the flowers" means...that's not a grammatically correct phrase, so maybe something got lost in translation. Please note that this question is specifically about identification of the Poa annua; naturally, I welcome other suggestions that may be pertinent, but I hope the focus of the question is clear enough. May 6 '21 at 16:35
  • That was "wait the flowers" (flowering). Just remove what it is look ugly for you. Do not check forum where people give strong opinion about "P. annua" being bad. Forget strong opinion in gardening (they are just wrong [biology is not black and white, botanic is just exceptions over exceptions]) made by people who want to give an opinion, in fact, many lawn mixes have some P. annua varieties). Because there are many human made cultivars of P. annua, it is very difficult to give good identification methods (especially on vegetable state), which doesn't require a microscope (section of leave). May 7 '21 at 6:44

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