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I grew this chili plant from some seeds I had from some left over dried chillies a couple of years ago. It is now around 4 months old and has these nice chilli peppers. By the looks of it, it seems like jalapeño but I would like to confirm what species it is. There is a bit of variation between the first one it grew that came out very straight and the other two which came out crooked.

Any idea what type of chilli it is?

chilli plant

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There are five domesticated species of chili peppers.

  • Capsicum annuum includes many common varieties such as bell peppers, wax, cayenne, jalapeños, Thai peppers, chiltepin, and all forms of New Mexico chile.
  • Capsicum frutescens includes malagueta, tabasco, piri piri, and Malawian Kambuzi.
  • Capsicum chinense includes the hottest peppers such as the naga, habanero, Datil and Scotch bonnet.
  • Capsicum pubescens includes the South American rocoto peppers.
  • Capsicum baccatum includes the South American aji peppers.

Given the growth habit of your plant, the Species is most certainly Capsicum annuum. But that isn't really what you were after, you want to know the Cultivar.

Unfortunately, no one is going to be able to tell you 100% for sure what cultivar it is. There are just too many very similar cultivars out there. I will say that too me it doesn't look anything like a jalapeno, more like a de árbol or aji. You don't remember what sort of chili you took the seeds from or even where you bought it?

Have a look here and here for some incomplete lists of cultivars.

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  • Thanks for your informative answer. I don't really know the origins because I had took the chillies off a plant in my parent's yard. I just put the seeds in a few pots for fun and they grew and are now bearing fruit. In fact I think I have 3 different cultivars (I have another separate question for another type). I think the original one was smaller than these, but I blame that to lack of fertiliser and sparser watering at my parents. I have picked the first one since I took the photo, and it is quite hot... Although I am not too tolerant to very hot chillies so can't say on what scale it is. – jbx Jul 11 at 19:08
  • You are welcome! It could also be Cayenne, that is a fairly common one for people to grow in the US (if that is where you are). – renesis Jul 11 at 19:14
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    No actually I live on an island in the Mediterranean (Malta), although I don't think we have any particular species or cultivars that are specific to here. I guess it could be Cayenne from pictures I found on Google... although I had the impression Cayenne typically had a longer / narrower kind of fruit. – jbx Jul 11 at 21:18

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