I am trying to find out what kind of tree this is. I see them a lot in pictures of Rio de Janeiro, possibly some sort of ficus tree? Thanks for helping me find out!

Rio tree 1

Rio tree 2

Rio tree 3

2 Answers 2


It looks like the images were taken on the Avenida Delfim Moreira where there are lots of Ficus. From a list of trees used as street trees in Rio we note that one native (F. tomentella) and two exotic (F. lyrata and F. elastica) species are used. The most frequently used is F. lyrata; also given that F. elastica is a more shapely tree and has firmly rounded leaves, and given that F. tomentella has smaller more pointed leaves than those pictured I incline to think that these rather loosely growing trees with large but rather irregularly shaped leaves will likely be F. lyrata, the fiddle leaf fig.

Ficus lyrata makes an acceptable street tree despite its somewhat ugly appearance because it gives lots of shade, is adaptable to containers and restricted soil availability, has very small fruits and resists branch breakage which presents little danger to passers by, responds well to pruning, and suits beach locations due to drought tolerance and moderate resistance to salt spray.

  • That´s fantastic. Thank you so much for your detailed reply, I really appreciate it!
    – pene
    Dec 2, 2019 at 8:28
  • Hi, native Brazilian from Rio de Janeiro here. Actually, this is an Indian-almond tree (Terminalia catappa), and it's very common and widespread all over the city. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminalia_catappa
    – user33135
    Nov 25, 2020 at 17:40

It’s definitely Terminalia cattapa, or, as we say in Brazil “amendoeira”

  • You could improve your answer with a photo or a reference. Jan 31 at 7:32

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