In their native environment the avocado trees suffer a lot of abuse such as hurricanes and occasional drought and flooding but manage to recover. They can do this because the wood is fairly soft and while branches may snap the recovery is fairly quick and lush which covers over the break and makes the tree overall look neat again. In contrast to something like papaya, however, very few avocado are single trunk columnar specimens, so branching comes naturally for this species. Except in peoples' living rooms however where the occurrence of hurricanes is very rare.
As gardeners, particularly when we have only one valuable specimen to consider, a couple of things to bear in mind: prune when the plant is actively growing, and spread your risk by keeping some leaves in place. Many plants have an active growing period and during this time can quickly respond to pruning; you don't say where you are located or otherwise indicate what stage the plant is at, so that is your call for timing.
Careful gardeners in your situation might decide to cut back but only enough to reduce the leaf area by half. This leaves the plant able to photosynthesize while it figures out where to send out side shoots. Once the branching has started, you then have more choice where to make further cuts to keep the height under control. As you gain more experience you can make bolder cuts with confidence.