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I have a small pot at home. I need a plant that produces fruits as much as possible in a very short time (1 year max) and lives as long as possible :) The place may have direct sun but it's in shadow most of the time.

Pot Dimensions: 8 * 8 inches.

Pot Depth: 10 inches.

Winter and summer weather: 50 to 115 °F

I need a plant with relatively small or short roots to fit in the pot.

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Growing in containers in the shade isn't typically the easiest thing to do, as fruiting plants often need more light than is available from a single direction, and shaded plants attract pests easily in my experience; also, pollinators aren't attracted to shaded plants as often.

However, you'd probably be fine with wonderberries, ground cherries (such as Aunt Molly's), alpine strawberries, shade-tolerant peppers (such as Grandpa's Home), and such. Collin Beckingham already mentioned peppers and strawberries. Note again that shaded plants can be more prone to pests (such as aphids and whiteflies). So, watch out!

You might also try parthenocarpic, gynoecious cucumbers. They don't need pollinators. I'm not sure how much light they need.

I'd honestly try West India burr gherkins instead of cucumbers, but that's me; I planted some that were fairly shaded in 2018, and I got some fruit (not nearly as much fruit as I got this year with better conditions, however, but certainly it was enough fruit for me to consider it worth planting for the first time). If you want fewer spines, there's a variety called Liso Calcutta that may be of interest. I've never had pest problems with Cucumis anguria.

Red Robin tomatoes would probably work well.

There are probably other kinds of tomatoes that might work out better for you, with bigger harvests, but I haven't studied those conditions extensively for such tomatoes. The soil you use will make a big difference. I'm not sure the ideal soil, but I've heard great success stories with Miracle Gro soil with tomatoes.

Note that these are all annuals in areas with cold winters. However, wonderberries and ground cherries can reseed easily (and they'll probably do even better after they've been growing on your land for more than a year or two). Wonderberries do resemble black nightshade (and might hybridize with it), though; so, if that grows in your area, be careful.

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I once grew a sweet pepper in a pot about that size on a semi-shady windowsill, but it required a lot of turning and fiddly attention to keep it growing straight and in light as much as possible and adequately watered. As I recall it produced about 3 green peppers. Alternatively strawberries would be closer to a fruit, would have somewhat restrained roots, have the lifespan you are seeking and are frequently grown in odd small containers by hydroponic enthusiasts. Your upper temperature might be a bit toasty for strawberries however so you would need to avoid that as much as possible.

  • I love strawberry but I wasn't lucky. I extracted strawbery seeds from its surface dried them but didn't germinate. I tried again after putting them in the freezer for a month but nothing germinated. I don't know what I did wrong :) Thanks for the answer – user2824371 Oct 12 at 21:02
  • It's possible the strawberry is a hybrid with sterile seeds. – Tim Nevins Oct 14 at 14:26
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    @user2824371 To grow strawberries from seed, try squishing up a few berries into the top part of the soil and then keeping them watered. Don't bother extracting them (it's unnecessary work and you probably won't get as many seeds from it). Make sure they're from healthy plants or you might get strawberry diseases in your house which could potentially make it difficult to grow disease-free strawberries later. Don't mist the leaves of the strawberries once they start to grow (just water the soil); wet leaves can be prone to fungus. Don't use grocery store produce! Alpine types can sprout faster. – Shule Oct 14 at 21:04

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