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I'm planning to set up a nano-vivarium to grow moss and ferns indoor like shown in the picture below.

Nano-Vivarium

My question is what kind of light is best or which lamps should I use? I don't have any experience with indoor-growing moss yet.

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You can use just about any light source but each has it's consequences for your design:

  • fluorescent lights are cheap, have a long life, tubes are available to mimic sunlight and they don't generate a lot of heat in comparison to halogens. The output decreases as the bulbs age and I found replacing them every five thousand hours worked best. With the ballast and housing they need they are normally a bit bulky for the kind of setup in the picture.
  • halogen lights are much smaller, have a longer life, offer a strong white light. They run really hot, like burn your fingers hot. The bulbs cannot be touched with your fingers as oils cause premature lamp failure. This much heat causes a big temperature difference and consequent humidity. Unless you circulate air from outside the vivarium into the vivarium you could cook everything inside.
  • HID, high intensity discharge are sometimes known as Xenon, generate a lot of white spectrum. They are said to generate less heat than halogen but the ones I have will still burn your finger if you touch the exterior glass. They are expensive in comparison to fluorescent but are compact. Lifespan ranges from eight thousand to twenty thousand hours without the lumen output decreasing. They can be dimmed unlike halogens. You would still need to have a fan circulating air inside the vivarium and some kind of humidity control.

With any indoor container the following issues will arise:

  • if it's warmer inside than outside you will get condensation on the interior surface which makes it hard to see inside
  • you need air circulation but success lies in keeping the humidity higher on the inside than the outside
  • you need to have the lights and fans on a timer. With the multiple lights and at least one fan you may have to wire your own connection or buy a huge power bar.

If money is no object and the look and aesthetics is important go for xenon. If cost is important use fluorescent with the best bulbs you can buy.

  • You must be busy these days, haven't seen much of you. Thought I'd say hi and there is this dude asking about day/night questions for moss. Came across this answer of yours where you say 'Timers'...why do you think moss needs darkness and regular schedules (hey I definitely think that as well) but why! This OP is jdt with a newly worded question 5/28/17. – stormy May 28 '17 at 18:44
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    @stormy just working... answered that question...thanks – kevinsky May 28 '17 at 23:04
  • Why is air circulation a requirement? – tjt263 Jun 15 '18 at 9:54
  • Moist air with no circulation can lead to white mold, nature provides air movement all the time – kevinsky Jun 15 '18 at 21:14

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