My aloe vera plant got rotten from the inside after potting it in a soil very rich in vitamins. Can I save the plant and the babes ?
It might be possible. I would suggest you start by re-potting the plant. When you do that trim the roots a bit and add some small rocks into the soil. Go to the nearest pet-smart and buy some fish tank rocks. The idea being we want to encourage new root growth. Aloe, like cactus, enjoys a dry/aerated environment so do not be stingy with the rocks. If it does recover it will be from the roots up. There is nothing you can do to the above ground portion of the plant that will help the plant recover.
What do you mean 'vitamins'? Plants don't need nor do they uptake 'vitamins'. I see a small aloe right next to this larger aloe plant. THAT you most certainly can repot and save.
Do not use potting soil with any kind of fertilizer or water holding gimmicks; sponges, gels. Find the cheapest potting soil in a bag that is sterilized. It is great if that soil comes with fungi and bacterias.
Purchase a shallower than tall clay pot. That plastic pot holds too much water. leave a 1" space between the surface of the soil and the rim of the pot (6"X4" clay pot). You have way too much space in this pot for proper watering.
As long as your plant looks healthy do not water it on some schedule. When you repot that baby plant, water and feel the heft. How heavy pots with their plants and soil are tells me everything I need to know about watering. You will easily be able to tell if your plants need water.
After transplanting and allowing to acclimate to the new soil and new pot, you will have to add a bit of fertilizer. A balanced fertilizer. I recommend Osmocote 14-14-14 extended release. Reduce the amount by half and only one application PER YEAR. IGNORE your plant as much as possible. Weird, huh? If this plant lives near a window, south facing, not in direct sun, you should be fine.
The larger plant looks like it is a goner. Too much fertilizer, too much water. You could also try cloning using the healthier leaves (tiny pots 3" diameter, 2" depth and cloning powder).
And you do not need rocks, not at all. They do not help with drainage and in some instances actually hamper drainage. Potting soil usually has little to no soil. This plant medium drains very well. You want to be in control of the chemistry, the fertilizer.
Tell us what you used for soil and what that label says that is in that soil. That would help us help you mo betta.