I have this jade plant that is in need of a bigger pot. I have this clay pot and I was wondering if it was too big, I've heard that if a small plant is in a big pot it might die. Here's a picture of the jade in its current pot compared to the clay one.
Your worry is well placed - the empty pot is a bit too large for such a small plant. Find one that's 1-2 sizes bigger than the pot it currently occupies instead, somewhere between the two pot sizes you have there. This Q & A might be helpful Transfering a plant to a larger pot