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Please help me identify and help this houseplant. I've spent about two hours going through encyclopaedias and various online sources but without any useful progress.

I'd had it growing without any issues in water for months until about two weeks ago when it suddenly started to wither over night without any major change to the environment (next to the window, with enough reflected sunlight). Some of the leaves turned yellow and even relatively healthy-looking ones fell off when I lightly touched them. I tried using universal fertiliser and planting it into soil, but to no avail.

The same has happened to a plant just like this one, only smaller, which was right next to it.

Thank you.

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This plant is a Croton. Members of the spurge family or Euphorbiaceae. They are a common house plant and will grow outside in Florida where they can be used as hedging.

Your plant is either under or overwatered. I am leaning towards overwatering as underwatering usually shows dry papery leaves whereas your plant's leaves seem to have water.

I recommend taking it out of the pot and looking at the roots. If they are firm and white or brown you are most likely underwatering it. If they are black and mushy then it is overwatering.

You say you had it growing in water. This is unusual as this is not a water plant. Cuttings should only be kept in water long enough to root and then transplanted to soil.

You should also check closely on the underside of the leaves for spider mites which look like tiny grains of salt and are quite common on crotons. Treat with 5 ml dish soap to 1 liter of water three times at five to seven day intervals by soaking a rag in water and soap solution and rubbing the top and bottom of the leaves

Based on the additional information in your comments I suspect this is a case of letting the transplants getting too dry due to inadequate roots while the soil remains too wet.

The stems you are rooting are large and crotons need a lot of moisture. They wilt when dry and staying wilted weakens the plant.

If you want to root from cuttings after the transplant you need to keep the humidity high and the drainage should be excellent. A tray of sand or perlite with a transparent tent to promote more humidity should do the job. Taking smaller cuttings would help as well.

Only move the cuttings from the rooting medium after they have a large and well established root system. Maintain the humidity and then gradually decrease it as the plant roots in you soil mix

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  • Thank you very much! If you don't mind a follow-up, the roots had a buttery colour at the time of transplantation from water to a universal substrate for houseplants, at which point the plant was already droopy for about a week. Once planted in the substrate, I watered only when it got dry and also kept spraying water on the leaves roughly three times per day. I'd be very grateful if you could take a look at the following photos of the smaller plant and the leaves that fell off—the two smallest are dry and shrivelled while all petioles seem dry and weak: imgur.com/a/2VslfGP – Harold Cavendish May 19 '18 at 17:48
  • I've also had a look at how spider mites look and I believe they are not present. Based on the above additional information, would you recommend something else? Could it be related to hard water, for example? – Harold Cavendish May 19 '18 at 17:51
  • I have never seen hard water have this effect on plants – kevinsky May 20 '18 at 12:37
  • Thank you for expanding your answer. The leaves of the smaller plant continue to wither so I've taken it out of soil and found that my mother had taken matters into her own hands and cut the roots because she ‘thought they were rotten’ and ‘read it might help’. Now it looks like this and I'm devastated: imgur.com/a/PwD8wbI :( Do you think there's any hope? What would you do? The soil was very moist but not particularly wet (when I squeezed it, all water was retained). I use enough clay drainage balls under the soil. I'm going to make sure the humidity stays high. – Harold Cavendish May 20 '18 at 17:47
  • Whoa, no clay drainage balls are necessary, this creates a perched water table. Just potting soil is required. – kevinsky May 21 '18 at 23:26

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