Yes you can keep a jade indoors, but it does require bright light..much more than any artificial office light will offer. It looks like you used soil from the great outdoors rather than a potting mix which is also a problem for a jade and for most container grown plants in general. This plant is not looking too hot. My suggestion would be to take it out of that pot and rinse all of the native soil off of it. Repot it this time with a well draining potting soil. Preferably a type specific to succulents. If you can't find that then that's ok, just let the soil dry out between watering! After you repot it, set it by a bright window out of direct sun and hopefully your jade will have enough oomph to push out some new leaves. It probably will, jades are tough. Good luck
If you want a plant that could handle your desk with limited light you have few options, but still some decent ones. Lucky bamboo, snake plant and pothos. If it were me, I would go for snake plant.