I have a lemon and orange tree in my backyard. I have apple and pear trees as well which I prune on an annual basis. I was wondering if the lemon and orange trees need pruning as well and if so, how much should they be pruned back and any other guidance would be helpful. Uploaded pictures of lemon and orange. Does lemon have water shoots? Orange trunk is big bit tree is very short 2.5 ft. .
Citrus only need minimal pruning - if they are growing the way you want, I wouldn't worry. February is a good time to remove overcrowded branches and leggy growth can be cut back by up to two thirds. During the growing season, they can produce "water-shoots" - soft, fast growing shoots from woody material. Allowed to grow they will form leggy, unproductive growth that will compete with more fruitful parts of the plants. They can be rubbed-out or cut flush. Any produced below the graft should definitely be removed.