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I was identifying a relatively young tree in my yard, and I'm pretty sure it is a Mulberry tree. I live in Massachusetts and came across this article stating that red Mulberries are endangered in Mass so I was motivated to investigate further.

Red and white Mulberries are the most common types, but it doesn't seem to be either one.

Red: The undersides of the leaves are not downy so it seems that it is not red. The undersides are somewhat scratchy. I also live close to Boston (Somerville) which seems like an unlikely location. On the other hand, it is growing on the side of a hill in the understory of some large spruce trees which seems to be a preferred location for red.

White: Looking at this article, the leaf margins do not look like a white. The leaf edges of mine are pointy but white has more rounded edges.

I have some pictures below. Would love to find out which kind of Mulberry it is.

More details in response to comments:

  • Tree hasn't fruited yet
  • Leaves are about 4-7"
  • Tree is about high 15' high
  • You can see a bud in the photos

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  • Might be the russian mulberry. – black thumb Jul 4 '16 at 2:05
  • My goodness what a treasure, Kekito!! What is the color of the fruit? – stormy Jul 4 '16 at 19:35
  • @blackthumb, looks like Russian is another name for white. – gaefan Jul 4 '16 at 20:08
  • @stormy, haven't seen any fruits yet. Maybe it is too young? – gaefan Jul 4 '16 at 20:08
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    It doesn't look like my Chinese red mulberry at all. My leaves were more deeply serrated. – Bulrush Jul 7 '16 at 13:28
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I think it's a White.

The leaf margins look a bit off because they range from more saw-toothed to more rounded. The leaves with fewer lobes have sharper margins.

Ime (have 4 on my land, two old, two young) they'll be >15' tall before the bark starts acquiring ridges.

  • I was wondering about the ridged bark...good point. Do you know how long it takes for these trees to fruit...to mature to be able to have fruit? Still not happy with White, though, or Red for that matter. I know very little about this species. Why hasn't his tree fruited yet? Too much shade? – stormy Jul 5 '16 at 20:04
  • Based on my old Mulberry trees, they do love their sun. Limbs that grow into part shade die to the bole, and branches that sprawl their way to full sun fruit the most. -- I know very little as well - just how mine behave. -- Could be too young or soil could be exhausted of P (did the bud flower well, if so was there any formation?). Could also be a male. -- I'm as curious as you are. – Paul Nardini Jul 7 '16 at 4:21
  • I am not convinced at this point that it is a white...grins. What other species of Morus are you familiar? Do you know anything about nigra...or black mulberry? Do you know if they are separate sexes (dang can't remember that term at the moment)...that would make sense if his isn't flowering/fruiting. – stormy Jul 7 '16 at 22:52
  • I'm not convinced it's a white either, I just suspect. -- Looks like Blacks' leaves have more pronounced bases than these. -- Just a couple weeks ago I read some things about non-fruiting male Mulberries for landscaping. But iirc they still flower, so we're back to: is it flowering well and not fruiting -> maybe a male, or is it not flowering well -> maybe not enough sun. --- So far the only thing not pointing to White is OP's estimation of leaf size. Not digging on OP, but I have doubts with that Hedara there for a (very bad) scale comparison. – Paul Nardini Jul 8 '16 at 13:35
  • To the first question: I'm not even super-familiar with the Mulberry Trees I have on my land. Even the "limbs grown into shade die to the bole" is totally an "in my experience" observation. -- I just have a lot of exp with plant identification, maybe learning a few basic things about each. -- Like with this one - leaf bases are a big point when determining ID with close-in-appearance plants. Blacks have a Cordate Base on their Apiculate leaves, (pronounced base on their spade-shaped leaf is less jargon-y). -- idk. I could be way off - I always accept that. :) – Paul Nardini Jul 8 '16 at 13:46
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looks like bitter sweetnightshade shade to me.

We're looking for long answers that provide some explanation and context. Don't just give a one-line answer; explain why your answer is right, ideally with citations. Answers that don't include explanations may be removed.

  • Please explain why you think it's bittersweet nightshade. Thanks and welcome to the site. – Niall C. Aug 11 at 16:50

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