I buy, re-pot and take care of Norfolk Island Pine trees in my office. They're mostly decorated and displayed around Christmas time, but I take care of them year round and sometimes decorate them for other seasons.

This year I purchased a few and potted them with an organic soil, a fast-draining mix that included sand and pine bark, which is what my trees require. All was normal until this month rolled around.

All of a sudden, after watering my trees and draining the drain trays, these thin, mostly translucent worms would suddenly begin crawling out of the pot and into the drain tray. I'm not really squeamish about this kind of stuff, normally, yet they seem to be multiplying pretty fast. It went from just seeing one in the tray one week, to seeing around eight squirming around the following week. The number is always random. As I said, they're see-through and most of their innards look very black. I also see bits of red/pink and yellow on them.

The worms

They're starting to really bug me, now. I don't know why they appeared so suddenly, but they're really gross. I have a secondary tray under all of the drain trays for humidity, so I don't really have to worry about them escaping, but I did find one escaped onto my rug when the humidity tray was shallow.

I don't think they're earthworms because I've never seen any adults in the soil, and I've never seen one evacuate through the top of the soil, it's always in the drain tray. I don't know how to identify them, can anyone help? If I can identify them, I might be able to find out what I can do about them.

  • If you used an organic potting soil it probably had worm casts and eggs in it the mix. Feb 13, 2016 at 13:14
  • I know worms are beneficial to the soil, but I really can't do with worms crawling all over the place. Is there any way I can get rid of them short of repotting? Or will I just have to repot? Repotting sounds really messy, because how will I be able to ensure no worms carry over into the next potting?
    – Fell
    Feb 14, 2016 at 1:34

1 Answer 1


I'm not sure about the specific species, but they appear to be worms from the family Enchytraeidae (commonly known as potworms). They are not earthworms, but similar. They feed on/live in decayed organic matter, and do not harm plants. They need moisture to thrive, and prefer a low pH. When the conditions are right, they tend to multiply rapidly. They are often found in vermicomposting systems.

Control methods are not often attempted, as these do not harm mature plants in any way. Most plants prefer drier soil conditions and higher pH, which would not be suitable for a potworm population explosion. If your plants require these conditions, and you want to remove the potworms, try laying wide slices of raw potato flat on the soil surface. It attracts them, especially at night, and you can pick them out. You can also pick them out as they move into the drain tray.

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