If you happen to have some really bright fluorescent lights, or else less bright ones surrounded by mylar, you might try what worked for my leafless Georgescu Chocolate pepper plant and later my leafless Red-seeded Citron watermelon plant. Basically, I just put the stems right next to the bulbs (within a couple inches), and they grew new shoots. Apparently, the stems must still be able to use light without leaves, to some degree, but it's not as apparent when the light isn't super bright.
Here's a description of my setup in case there are other variables important to this:
My personal setup has mylar blankets draping around the sides of a long fold-up table (underneath the table is the growing area), and the bottom of the table and beneath it are also lined with mylar. There's maybe a seven inch opening on one of the long sides, at the top, where the window is, to let some natural sunlight in, too. This table is on top of another such table (which is why the window is so close to it). I have a surge protector near each of the two ends under the table with plug-in sockets in them. There are seven sockets with bulbs. Five of the bulbs are 23 watt CFLs, all but two being 6500k (the two being 2700k). The surge protector with four sockets has two bulbs less than 23 watt, with color temperatures much lower than 6500k, but I think only one of the smaller ones is 2700k. The other is probably like 3500k or something. I turn the lights off while I sleep and turn them back on when I get up. I sleep and get up at variable times. The growing area is somewhat humid, due to water evaporating from the plant containers (or something), and the mylar on the sides of the area. I give them potassium sulfate and basalt rockdust together to avoid problems I previously had with fungi from the humidity and at least somewhat crowded plants (like maybe downy mildew or something else).
Anyway, I put my leafless plants in a corner away from the window by an end of the three-socket surge protector that has a 23 watt 6500k CFL in the socket by where I put the plants. They probably got a fair amount of light from the neighboring 23 watt 2700k CFL, too. In this setup, plants like the corners away from the window, it seems.
The watermelon grew a new shoot within a few days. The pepper may have taken longer.
Edit: I've coincidentally got another leafless watermelon (Mississipi Cobb Gem) I'm trying this with, now. This one only has one node available. Hopefully it's not too damaged to regrow.
Edit: The Mississippi Cobb Gem watermelon was too damaged and died within a few days of my edit above. However, now I'm attempting a similar thing with a Chinese 5 Color pepper that was a cutting, but probably has roots by now. It lost all its leaves. At first, it seemed to be too hot in my growing area this time of year, and was losing its leaves. So, eventually, I put the cutting in a south window. It looks like if it lives much longer, it should grow leaves (some leaves are just barely starting to form, but they're small yet), but I've been waiting a while on it. I put it under the fluorescent lights again. We'll see how it does. I plan to take it out once in a while (when the sun is out) so it doesn't get too hot.