I recently moved into a house in the South SF Bay Area in California, with three large avocado trees. I've noticed that the leaves on one of these trees is drying out from the edges:

Close-up of the leaves

Here's another photo, this time from further out to give you an idea of the extent of the damage:

From further out

In fall it produced smaller fruit than I'd expect, and the other trees on the property did pretty well.

Am I under-watering the tree? What's going on here?

  • How much rain are you getting? When we had a D4 drought droughtmonitor.unl.edu in this area, many of the trees started looking as sad as yours. Three years later, some are still dying of the experience. Apr 25, 2015 at 11:36

1 Answer 1


I see what looks like fungal spots on the leaf undersides (where they curl up), which is indicative of inadequate nutrition (and probably poor soil health). Plants deficient in necessary elements are far more likely to have issues like this than are healthy trees, and they can't fight it off on their own.

The best way to solve this is to get your soil tested (send a sample to your county's extension office), and correct any nutrient/mineral deficiency that may come up. Also, one of the best things you can do is to mulch around the tree with a good layer of fine compost (composted manure works well). This not only feeds the soil life and the tree, leading to a much healthier life for the tree, it will hold in soil moisture, and regulate the soil temperature quite a bit.

I seriously doubt the tree will keep on going downhill if you provide the right cultural requirements. While you're at it, you might as well do this for your other trees as well. Prevention is better than cure.

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