There's one or two simple things you can do without finding a laboratory. We don't go in much for soil testing in the UK (unless it's critical because there's a major problem) so, first and most important, have a look around your area and see what's growing in the ground, and growing well, either in people's gardens or in the wild. I know there's a lavender farm in your region, so the soil where that's growing is probably free draining and fairly light, possibly gritty. The second thing to do is pick up a handful, particularly when its moist - squeeze it and see what happens. If it goes into a solid, sticky ball, there's a high level of clay present; if it remains open and sandy feeling, then it's light and sandy or gritty. If some of it clings together and other parts don't, you may have a high percentage of loam. Dig some over and check whether its full of pebbles or rocks, or even flint or chalk. Dig down a spade's depth and see what the soil looks like at that level, whether it's a different colour and texture. You could also do a ph test, kits are usually available most places, though they're often unreliable, and should only be taken as a very rough guide.
Plants like lavender and other herbs don't appreciate heavy, rich, fertile soil too much, but most plants benefit from a soil that's been enriched with humus rich materials (composted animal manures, garden compost, that sort of thing). These also improve the water retention in light soils, and help to improve very heavy, clay soils.
If you have places that sell plants similar to garden centres or plant nurseries, they may be able to advise you what grows well in your area - once you've discovered plants that do grow well locally, by looking at what soil conditions they like, you'll have more idea what type of soil you've got, though it's not 100% as a guide - water availability makes a huge difference to a plant's growth.