I read a recommendation that espalier should be performed with trees grafted onto dwarf roots. What challenges or problems can I expect if I don't use a dwarf tree? If it makes a difference, I'm ...
I have a Fiesta apple tree being trained as an espalier. I snapped the main stem, all growth in fact, above the first tier. The young tree is effectively now a T, a step-over. Will it form new shoots ...
I'm looking into decorative Topiary. In my studies I've come across a similar process called Espalier. They're both shaped trees. Here's my question: What is the difference between espalier and ...