Compost is decomposed organic material, which can be used as a fertilizer and soil amendment.

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How can I tell if my compost is ready

I just started composting a month back and have some basic questions. I have been putting garden and kitchen waste in my compost bin every week. I have been turning the pile every week to mix up the ...
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32 views

Is there a way to make “swamp coffee” with kitchen waste?

I've heard of compost tea from John Kohler, and have an excess of swamp water at home, but can't exactly transport much of it well to the community garden, so I was wondering if I could make "bog ...
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When can bokashi be considered “compost”?

Every now and then I come across an answer here that suggests "adding a bit of compost" to a plant - eg. for example to help it bounce back from an injury. I'm composting using a bokashi bin in my ...
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Can I create a fungi dominant compost tea by brewing it in lower pH water?

I have a lot of cheap compost available from my local landfill, but I would like to create a fungi dominated compost tea to apply to my perennials. Is it possible to create a such a tea by using a ...
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How do I make compost?

I have dried leaves, tons of dirt (seriously), and dead grass. How do I make compost? I have tried to decompose the dry grass clippings and the leaves, but that did not work. I also researched this ...
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64 views

What leaves should I feed worms?

I know that in real life worms will eat both fresh and dry leaves at night or when it rains. I am not putting earthworms in the soil yet but I will soon. I am trying earthworms and mix of old and ...
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What useful things can I use shredded branches for?

I will be carrying out some heavy pruning of some over grown trees (mixture of deciduous, fruit and a few conifers) over the next few months. I am already planning to save some of the thicker, ...
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47 views

Putting fruit tree branches in compost

I just started composting. In addition to putting lawn clippings, kitchen waste and dry leaves what else can I put in? Is it okay to put branches of trees (fruit, olive, etc) in the compost?
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634 views

Is this mushroom going to make my black radish taste weird or be poisonous?

It is still cold nowadays (mid-April) in east-France, so I started my vegetables inside a winter garden. I planted some tomatoes seeds in a large pot of mine, which I had previously filled with ...
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54 views

How to tell a good quality compost?

When starting a garden off, you often need to dig in compost. Ignoring the point that it may not be best to bring in compost from off site to improve your soil, how does one determine which of the ...
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Recommendations for Composting Bin

I want to start composting my yard and kitchen waste and use the compost to fertilize vegetables in my raised bed and some fruit trees I have. Right now I am not doing composting. My options are do ...
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Do's and Don't's for a backyard compost?

We have a backyard compost bin for our vegetable garden and a few flower beds. Forgive me for being a total noob on this, but can someone offer me couple of good resources on what's ok and not ok to ...
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50 views

Ground cover - maximizing value

I planted some fava beans a few months back as cover crop in my vegetable raised bed. They grew very well and as suggested my members of this group, I cut the top part and left the roots inside to ...
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61 views

Should I be burning evergreen trimmings?

I live in bucolic neighbourhood outside of town. Around here, when we trim evergreens we make a fire and burn them. It gives off a lot of smoke. Is this the best approach to deal with these? ...
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54 views

Is it normal that african night crawlers are always on top of my compost bin?

I don't usually put scrap foods on top so I am curious why african night crawlers are always on top of my bin? Is it because there's a lack of oxygen on the bottom part of my bin?
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53 views

Composting Bin - Experiences

I am very much in favor of getting a composting bin (like the one below). Before I do that, I want to get your thoughts on the following: Does it attract unwanted pests/rodents (bugs, mice, etc.)? ...
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50 views

Can I put scratch paper on my vermicompost?

I have lots of scratch paper here and am wondering if I should put it in my vermicompost or just throw it away. Would it be dangerous for worms? Will the soil benefit from it? As for the type of ...
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What are the main benefits and cons of using manure?

Manure is often part of a prescription for hot composting, and soil enrichment. But why? Is it just for nitrogen? Is that why people go and get the excrement of vegetarian mammals to add to their ...
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63 views

Compost with newspaper cuttings and orange peels

I have started composting since last week and there are some questions which I want to ask. I have a small pot may be of 6 litres. I guess it's Bokashi composting. I read that for composting, wet ...
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108 views

What is the white stuff on the compost?

The surface of a compost plant is turning white for some reason. The white stuff is not fluffy and it looks like white powder or ashes. I had a look under the white stuff and it was perfectly normal. ...
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50 views

Uses for grapevine branches?

It is the time of year when I start to cut back my rampant grape vines. I usually tie them together and leave them for the birds to nest, but this year I am creating a hugelkultur bed and I was ...
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67 views

What potting mixes do you use?

I am new to gardening and I would like to know what ingredients and measurements do you use in your potting mix for three different types of plants: Plants that require plenty of water. Plants ...
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128 views

Square meter gardening Soil Mix

The Square meter garden soil mix is a third each of compost, peat moss and vermiculite. I have assumed that in the UK since most of our composts are around 50% peat moss I could just do: 2/3 compost ...
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How do I keep egg shells from smelling while waiting to add them to composting soil?

I do worm composting for the outside garden. I wanted to add egg shells and some other things that will add to the soil but are hard to break down in the worm composting bin. Since it will be outside ...
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54 views

How can I speed up decomposition of fruit pits and the like?

I use a compost tumbler and often times I end up with a lot of fruit pits including avocado pits. I usually sift these out and leave them in a compost pile (which is enclosed by chicken wire) along ...
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Getting rid of maggots in a compost vessel

Related: Compost has larva or maggots? We have a compost vessel (around 300L) which we use as a supplement to our garbage can. We don't usually throw meat in it and we don't intend to ever do it ...
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How many air holes for 100gal vermicomposter?

I'm fixing to start my vermicomposter. I'm using a damage 100gal Rubbermaid horse water tank. I'd like to know how many and of what sized hole to drill in the side for air. I figured maybe use a ...
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58 views

Measuring soil and compost for NPK

Folks, I'm trying to measure soil and compost for use in home gardening of vegetables and herbs. My goal is to use compost primarily, and augment it as necessary. The compost is mostly vermicompost, ...
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282 views

Can a big compost pile around its base kill my tree?

Will I kill a big birch tree if I put all my grass clippings around the base? The clippings (from 2 acres of grass) are now 2 feet deep around the tree. I have been told it will heat up and cause the ...
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Composting: what is the ideal proportion of 'green' to 'brown' material?

Everyone seems to have an opinion on this, but is there any definitive answer, ideally backed up by link/s to reputable sources or research? Ratio by weight or by volume.
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Composting: what is the ratio of volume of material in to compost out?

Say you've got a compost heap, 1 full metre cube, with about 1 part green to 3 parts brown by volume. If this is left to break down, what volume of compost will be produced?
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51 views

How do I turn a plastic stock tank into a vermicomposter?

We have a Rubbermaid, plastic stock-tank. It has an unfixable crack in it and we've been saving it incase we could find a future use for it. I've just started getting into composting and I plan to ...
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Is Mike McGrath correct when he says vegetable scraps shouldn't be added to compost?

I'm composting for the first time this year, in a back-yard composter. I have some leaves in there, and I regularly throw in my coffee grounds. I also occasionally throw in vegetable and fruit scraps. ...
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How can I compost oak leaves and sawdust?

I have the enviable problem of having several (6 or 7) cubic yards of both oak leaves and oak sawdust from having logged off and making cabinet lumber from many oak trees that once grew where our ...
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118 views

Could a compost bin with only green materials explode?

I have a compost pile but it's not in my home, and I need to store the kitchen scraps temporarily somewhere. I use a small plastic bin for that purpose. I don't have any brown materials, only ...
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98 views

Holes in hardy kiwi leaves

On my balcony I have just planted my hardy kiwi. I found that some leaves, particularly smaller ones, have holes: I'm using universal soil (ph 5.5-6.5). I'm watering it everyday as the flowerpot is ...
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73 views

Is this compost appropriate for transplanting/repotting tomatoes?

I have planted some tomato seeds (that came in a grow bag) in a flat planting tray and as the stems and leaves are growing up, I'm being convinced that I should move them back to the grow bags that ...
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66 views

Why build a worm bin? Why can't you have a worm heap?

I understand the value of vermiculture, and grew up with a wormbox on the back patio that made beautiful castings. What I don't understand is the purpose of the bin. If I kept a heap of worm-friendly ...
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Is this compost bin rodent-proof?

Is this compost bin rodent-proof? If not, how to find a similar but rodent-proof or at least relatively safe one in that regard? I want put put a compost bin in my backyard and put my food waste ...
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Can I add commercial roses to my compost pile?

I'm not sure what kind of chemicals store bought roses are usually treated with. Bonus question: Can I dump the water in the vase on the pile as well (with the little feeding packets they give you)?
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Should I rototill compost into existing barren soil before planting drought-hardy grass?

I've had 2" of composted manure added to my desert front yard (New Mexico, zone 7a) to serve as new topsoil after having someone with a bobcat and a dump truck to haul off the gravel and plastic ...
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What is an accurate method to measure the C:N ratio of Bokashi pickled/composted kitchen waste?

In a container gardening situation without soil to bury Bokashi pickled/composted kitchen waste, it seems viable to add to a tumble composter. What is an accurate method to compute C:N of Bokashi? ...
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129 views

Is it possible to turn a tumbler compost too frequently?

Related: How often do you need to turn the compost heap? I have a tumbler composter. When I put my food scraps in it - roughly once a day - I also put in a handful of leaves that I have saved from ...
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509 views

How to Keep Compost “Hot” in Winter?

I live in Pittsburgh (i.e., Zone 6) and I started a compost bin in the 2nd week in October. (I know, I should have started earlier...) It has a lot of kitchen scraps, maybe 60-70%, but I've also been ...
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1answer
261 views

Are cockroaches pests in the compost heap?

I dug up my compost pile last weekend. it is made of aerated concrete blocks, just layed in a square, no cement. located on the rooftop of our 4 stories building, located in Hong Kong. Beside the ...
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822 views

Is it possible to recycle a Jack-o'-lantern into compost?

Since pumpkins are organic material, I'm assuming it would be okay to add them to a composting pile. Is there any reason as to why pumpkins shouldn't be composted?
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In ground dog composters, are they effective? [closed]

Looking on the internet, I see a lot of plans for an underground dog waste composting systems. They basically all consist of a well drained barrel like container, buried underground, with a small ...
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Amending a barren yard with compost: dedicated weed barrier or no?

I've got a pretty typically barren New Mexico (zone 7a) yard, and I'm thinking of trying some intensive amendment to control weeds, improve the soil, and add some visual interest. What I've read here ...
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How fast does human manure turn into compost?

I want to try turning human manure (humanure) into compost. How much time does it take to become compost? Or how much time it takes the compost to become humus, ready to be used as a fertilizer? ...
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927 views

What can I do with unripe tomatoes when prepping a bed for winter?

I have about 12-14 healthy tomato plants that I have uprooted and chopped up to till back in for their nutrients, but I'm wondering if I can do anything with the 20+ green (unripe) tomatoes that ...