Compost is decomposed organic material, which can be used as a fertilizer and soil amendment.

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What are the main benefits and cons of using manure?

Manure is often part of a prescription for hot composting, and soil enrichment. But why? Is it just for nitrogen? Is that why people go and get the excrement of vegetarian mammals to add to their ...
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Compost with newspaper cuttings and orange peels

I have started composting since last week and there are some questions which I want to ask. I have a small pot may be of 6 litres. I guess it's Bokashi composting. I read that for composting, wet ...
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67 views

What is the white stuff on the compost?

The surface of a compost plant is turning white for some reason. The white stuff is not fluffy and it looks like white powder or ashes. I had a look under the white stuff and it was perfectly normal. ...
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What potting mixes do you use?

I am new to gardening and I would like to know what ingredients and measurements do you use in your potting mix for three different types of plants: Plants that require plenty of water. Plants ...
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95 views

Square meter gardening Soil Mix

The Square meter garden soil mix is a third each of compost, peat moss and vermiculite. I have assumed that in the UK since most of our composts are around 50% peat moss I could just do: 2/3 compost ...
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59 views

How do I keep egg shells from smelling while waiting to add them to composting soil?

I do worm composting for the outside garden. I wanted to add egg shells and some other things that will add to the soil but are hard to break down in the worm composting bin. Since it will be outside ...
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51 views

How can I speed up decomposition of fruit pits and the like?

I use a compost tumbler and often times I end up with a lot of fruit pits including avocado pits. I usually sift these out and leave them in a compost pile (which is enclosed by chicken wire) along ...
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71 views

Getting rid of maggots in a compost vessel

Related: Compost has larva or maggots? We have a compost vessel (around 300L) which we use as a supplement to our garbage can. We don't usually throw meat in it and we don't intend to ever do it ...
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20 views

How many air holes for 100gal vermicomposter?

I'm fixing to start my vermicomposter. I'm using a damage 100gal Rubbermaid horse water tank. I'd like to know how many and of what sized hole to drill in the side for air. I figured maybe use a ...
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1answer
42 views

Measuring soil and compost for NPK

Folks, I'm trying to measure soil and compost for use in home gardening of vegetables and herbs. My goal is to use compost primarily, and augment it as necessary. The compost is mostly vermicompost, ...
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135 views

Can a big compost pile around its base kill my tree?

Will I kill a big birch tree if I put all my grass clippings around the base? The clippings (from 2 acres of grass) are now 2 feet deep around the tree. I have been told it will heat up and cause the ...
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Composting: what is the ideal proportion of 'green' to 'brown' material?

Everyone seems to have an opinion on this, but is there any definitive answer, ideally backed up by link/s to reputable sources or research? Ratio by weight or by volume.
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Composting: what is the ratio of volume of material in to compost out?

Say you've got a compost heap, 1 full metre cube, with about 1 part green to 3 parts brown by volume. If this is left to break down, what volume of compost will be produced?
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1answer
43 views

How do I turn a plastic stock tank into a vermicomposter?

We have a Rubbermaid, plastic stock-tank. It has an unfixable crack in it and we've been saving it incase we could find a future use for it. I've just started getting into composting and I plan to ...
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2answers
146 views

Is Mike McGrath correct when he says vegetable scraps shouldn't be added to compost?

I'm composting for the first time this year, in a back-yard composter. I have some leaves in there, and I regularly throw in my coffee grounds. I also occasionally throw in vegetable and fruit scraps. ...
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90 views

How can I compost oak leaves and sawdust?

I have the enviable problem of having several (6 or 7) cubic yards of both oak leaves and oak sawdust from having logged off and making cabinet lumber from many oak trees that once grew where our ...
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1answer
87 views

Could a compost bin with only green materials explode?

I have a compost pile but it's not in my home, and I need to store the kitchen scraps temporarily somewhere. I use a small plastic bin for that purpose. I don't have any brown materials, only ...
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78 views

Holes in hardy kiwi leaves

On my balcony I have just planted my hardy kiwi. I found that some leaves, particularly smaller ones, have holes: I'm using universal soil (ph 5.5-6.5). I'm watering it everyday as the flowerpot is ...
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67 views

Is this compost appropriate for transplanting/repotting tomatoes?

I have planted some tomato seeds (that came in a grow bag) in a flat planting tray and as the stems and leaves are growing up, I'm being convinced that I should move them back to the grow bags that ...
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65 views

Why build a worm bin? Why can't you have a worm heap?

I understand the value of vermiculture, and grew up with a wormbox on the back patio that made beautiful castings. What I don't understand is the purpose of the bin. If I kept a heap of worm-friendly ...
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3answers
248 views

Is this compost bin rodent-proof?

Is this compost bin rodent-proof? If not, how to find a similar but rodent-proof or at least relatively safe one in that regard? I want put put a compost bin in my backyard and put my food waste ...
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79 views

Can I add commercial roses to my compost pile?

I'm not sure what kind of chemicals store bought roses are usually treated with. Bonus question: Can I dump the water in the vase on the pile as well (with the little feeding packets they give you)?
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174 views

Should I rototill compost into existing barren soil before planting drought-hardy grass?

I've had 2" of composted manure added to my desert front yard (New Mexico, zone 7a) to serve as new topsoil after having someone with a bobcat and a dump truck to haul off the gravel and plastic ...
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114 views

What is an accurate method to measure the C:N ratio of Bokashi pickled/composted kitchen waste?

In a container gardening situation without soil to bury Bokashi pickled/composted kitchen waste, it seems viable to add to a tumble composter. What is an accurate method to compute C:N of Bokashi? ...
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122 views

Is it possible to turn a tumbler compost too frequently?

Related: How often do you need to turn the compost heap? I have a tumbler composter. When I put my food scraps in it - roughly once a day - I also put in a handful of leaves that I have saved from ...
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484 views

How to Keep Compost “Hot” in Winter?

I live in Pittsburgh (i.e., Zone 6) and I started a compost bin in the 2nd week in October. (I know, I should have started earlier...) It has a lot of kitchen scraps, maybe 60-70%, but I've also been ...
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241 views

Are cockroaches pests in the compost heap?

I dug up my compost pile last weekend. it is made of aerated concrete blocks, just layed in a square, no cement. located on the rooftop of our 4 stories building, located in Hong Kong. Beside the ...
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816 views

Is it possible to recycle a Jack-o'-lantern into compost?

Since pumpkins are organic material, I'm assuming it would be okay to add them to a composting pile. Is there any reason as to why pumpkins shouldn't be composted?
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In ground dog composters, are they effective? [closed]

Looking on the internet, I see a lot of plans for an underground dog waste composting systems. They basically all consist of a well drained barrel like container, buried underground, with a small ...
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51 views

Amending a barren yard with compost: dedicated weed barrier or no?

I've got a pretty typically barren New Mexico (zone 7a) yard, and I'm thinking of trying some intensive amendment to control weeds, improve the soil, and add some visual interest. What I've read here ...
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110 views

How fast does human manure turn into compost?

I want to try turning human manure (humanure) into compost. How much time does it take to become compost? Or how much time it takes the compost to become humus, ready to be used as a fertilizer? ...
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What can I do with unripe tomatoes when prepping a bed for winter?

I have about 12-14 healthy tomato plants that I have uprooted and chopped up to till back in for their nutrients, but I'm wondering if I can do anything with the 20+ green (unripe) tomatoes that ...
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Compost bins: how deep is too deep?

We have two compost bins, roughly 1m x 1m x 1m each. We fill the "primary" bin and then turn it into the "secondary" bin. We stopped catching our lawn clippings about a year ago so we're having to ...
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166 views

Is it possible to have an odorless/near odorless indoor vermicompost?

Is it possible to have an odorless/near odorless indoor vermicompost system? Somewhere in the range of 3-7 gallons. What about purposing something like this on the scale of 65 gallons? Does size ...
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357 views

Should I wait for twigs in compost to fully decompose before adding it to the soil?

I have created a small compost pit and i have putting lot of garden cuttings and kitchen waste in it for last 12 weeks. The whole thing has turned into nice dark brown humus. It smells very nice and I ...
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Will wisteria clippings take root in a compost pile?

I just did a major pruning of a wisteria. I don't look forward to bagging all the clippings and hauling them to the town site for yard waste. Could I simply gather them up and dump them in the compost ...
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96 views

Is it possible to add too much compost?

I'm going to be amending my garden soil soon, after I take care of all the rocks, so I'll be dumping in a lot of compost to fix the horrible clay soil I'm left with. Should I be worried about adding ...
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5k views

Does a pine needle mulch make your soil acidic?

This article from Colorado State University states that alkaline soils resist change but several years of heavy pine needle applications would create a somewhat more acid soil. This article ...
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202 views

What is the difference between pure horse manure and bedding manure?

I can easily get my hands on horse manure from bedding locally. I might be able to collect the pure one with a little bit of patience (I don't need large quantities). I'm wondering whether I should ...
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1answer
84 views

How can I improve the soil in a new allotment, which is covered in wild grass?

I am in the process of getting hold of a standard style UK allotment, 10 poles or about 10x25m (2722.5 sq. ft., .052 acres) The plot will be covered mostly in wild tall grasses, and is likely to have ...
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368 views

Bugs in compost - what are they?

I am seeing lots of small bugs in my compost as shown in the picture below.. I just want to make sure they are the larvae as said in this post If they are the larvae, then I've got a problem when ...
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52 views

What is short litter and how is it made?

A book I'm reading on creating hotbeds recommends mixing "short litter" with the fresh manure as the base of the beds. I've also seen websites recommending using grass cuttings or a good short litter ...
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1answer
95 views

Can I use vermicomposting leachate to moisturize my worm bin?

I have a two container vermicomposting system with the bottom container having a tap to drain the leachate. I think I am maintaining my worm bin correctly as material feels damp but I cannot wring any ...
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89 views

How can I make indoor composting a success?

I live in an apartment building and would like to have an indoor composter (not vermicomposter). This idea is not addressing drainage, this looks promising but expensive and Bokashi mixture is not ...
5
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1answer
89 views

Nutritional value of home-compostable plastic?

There are types of compostable plastic that you can compost yourself at home (as opposed to compostable plastic that can only be composted in industrial composting facilities). I was wondering if ...
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How do I deal with 'compostable' bags? [duplicate]

I let my neighbors dump their vegetable trimmings in my compost pile, and it's worked well for many years. I don't tend to actively maintain my compost pile and only turn it once a year. (screen the ...
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Should I compost my leaves separate from my vegetable kitchen waste?

I'm new to composting (and cleverly started in the winter ;-) I've heard (and seen) that a thin layer of leaves on top of vegetable scraps keeps the bugs off. However, I recently watched a TED Video ...
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Municipality compost frozen

In my area, we get municipal composting. In the winter, we can leave a bin (around 5L) out, and once a week, they pick it up and compost it in their giant compost bins. The problem is now that our ...
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107 views

What are the best components for producing compost which supply maximum nutrients?

People made compost from different components but they cannot realize about nutrient amount in the compost. So it is essential for selecting appropriate components. It is very important for organic ...
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75 views

Can i use a bokashi system to make mushroom compost?

Can I use a bokashi system to make mushroom compost? if it is possible, what is the recipe?