Compost is decomposed organic material, which can be used as a fertilizer and soil amendment.

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Does a pine needle mulch make your soil acidic?

This article from Colorado State University states that alkaline soils resist change but several years of heavy pine needle applications would create a somewhat more acid soil. This article ...
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What is the difference between pure horse manure and bedding manure?

I can easily get my hands on horse manure from bedding locally. I might be able to collect the pure one with a little bit of patience (I don't need large quantities). I'm wondering whether I should ...
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How can I improve the soil in a new allotment, which is covered in wild grass?

I am in the process of getting hold of a standard style UK allotment, 10 poles or about 10x25m (2722.5 sq. ft., .052 acres) The plot will be covered mostly in wild tall grasses, and is likely to have ...
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Bugs in compost - what are they?

I am seeing lots of small bugs in my compost as shown in the picture below.. I just want to make sure they are the larvae as said in this post If they are the larvae, then I've got a problem when ...
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What is short litter and how is it made?

A book I'm reading on creating hotbeds recommends mixing "short litter" with the fresh manure as the base of the beds. I've also seen websites recommending using grass cuttings or a good short litter ...
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Can I use vermicomposting leachate to moisturize my worm bin?

I have a two container vermicomposting system with the bottom container having a tap to drain the leachate. I think I am maintaining my worm bin correctly as material feels damp but I cannot wring any ...
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How can I make indoor composting a success?

I live in an apartment building and would like to have an indoor composter (not vermicomposter). This idea is not addressing drainage, this looks promising but expensive and Bokashi mixture is not ...
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Nutritional value of home-compostable plastic?

There are types of compostable plastic that you can compost yourself at home (as opposed to compostable plastic that can only be composted in industrial composting facilities). I was wondering if ...
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How do I deal with 'compostable' bags? [duplicate]

I let my neighbors dump their vegetable trimmings in my compost pile, and it's worked well for many years. I don't tend to actively maintain my compost pile and only turn it once a year. (screen the ...
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Should I compost my leaves separate from my vegetable kitchen waste?

I'm new to composting (and cleverly started in the winter ;-) I've heard (and seen) that a thin layer of leaves on top of vegetable scraps keeps the bugs off. However, I recently watched a TED Video ...
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Municipality compost frozen

In my area, we get municipal composting. In the winter, we can leave a bin (around 5L) out, and once a week, they pick it up and compost it in their giant compost bins. The problem is now that our ...
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What are the best components for producing compost which supply maximum nutrients?

People made compost from different components but they cannot realize about nutrient amount in the compost. So it is essential for selecting appropriate components. It is very important for organic ...
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Can i use a bokashi system to make mushroom compost?

Can I use a bokashi system to make mushroom compost? if it is possible, what is the recipe?
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Opinions on combining shredded bark and compost as mulch

I'm having a hard time finding anything through search and I'm hoping others here might have experience or opinions doing what I want to do. I really like the look of black mulch (hardwood mulch dyed ...
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What is the easiest way to get started with Bokashi (japanese “fermenting” composting)?

Someone suggested Bokash composting of non meat kitchen scraps b/c it doesn't attract insects nor does it smell. What's the easiest way to get started? Do I need to buy more bokashi "microbes" ...
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What can I use sawdust for in a garden?

After sawing a lot of wood, we're left with quite a lot of sawdust. I have been using it during composting to ensure that the compost doesn't get too green and wet, but is there something else I can ...
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Clearing composted matter from weed seeds by using heat

I successfully created several composts over the last two years using, what I believe is the "cold compost method". I have an open heap which I turn from time to time during the initial year. I used ...
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How do I keep my compost bin from breeding bugs?

I want to have a compost bin but my wife is (quite validly) concerned that it will be a bug factory. We already have a lot of gnats that drive her crazy. Any suggestions?
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What products should I fill raised garden beds with?

I've built a raised garden bed and would like to know what types of soil or mix I should use to fill it with? Should it be a mixture of top soil and compost? I'm looking for an affordable option. ...
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Which is preferred: worm castings or worm casting tea?

I was just wondering, for fast results in plants, which would you prefer: applying worm castings on the top soil or using worm casting tea, and why?
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Is there anything I should avoid putting in compost that I am going to use for blueberries?

Is there anything I should avoid (or encourage) adding to compost that I am going to make to grow blueberries?
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Closed bin compost collecting water at the bottom

I have a closed-bin compost bin (because of location/equipment, I don't have anything open and I can't tolerate the smell). My compost is almost entirely greens, now black and rotting (I didn't put ...
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Compost pile and bugs (2 questions)

First insect question: When I turned our compost pile yesterday, there was a lot of very rich smelling black soil, semi composted vegetables/plant/oak leaf matter, and a LOT of pill bugs. My wife ...
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Effectiveness of Using Wood Chips (a la “Back to Eden”) as a garden mulch/covering?

This year I revamped about half of my garden space using the biodynamic method found in John Jeavon's material. I now have the other half and after seeing the Back to Eden film I am really intrigued ...
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Should I compost bindweed leaves?

I have cleared a lot of bindweed from various parts of my garden. I'd like to keep it better controlled from now on. I have read that it's a good idea not to compost the roots, because they'll ...
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Does a compost heap benefit from being on clear soil vs solid ground?

I have a spot picked out for a compost heap but it is currently bricked. Is there any benefit to waiting till I can clear it or should I start composting right away?
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Small orange blobs on surface of compost

This is my first time making compost and after a month or so I've been starting to see these small orange blobs on the surface of my compost about a week after the first couple fairies' bonnets ...
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Ash OR Composting?

I am wondering what is the most efficient use of my garden waste. Is it: make compost out of my garden waste and feed it back into the garden? make bio-briquettes out of my garden waste and feed ...
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Can you put corn cobs in a compost bin?

Can you put corn cobs in a compost bin? They seem hard and tough, wondering if they'll break down. I assume that the husk will be just like any other green substance like grass?
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Are teabags okay in a compost bin?

I'm considering putting teabags into my compost bin but I'm not sure about the bag itself breaking down. Do I need to tear open each bag and only put the tea leaves in the bin or are the whole intact ...
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Do I need to line my wooden compost bin?

I've made a compost bin out of old scaffold boards - approx 80cm x 80cm square (say 30 inches). It has four sides, with no top and no bottom and it's sitting directly on soil. I've read that compost ...
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Adding dirt/soil to a compost bin?

Reading multiple entries here and a few others onlne, I have noticed people writing about using dirt/soil in their compost piles/heaps/bins. I had never heard of putting either dirt or soil in a ...
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“Composting” Temperature(s)

I'm doing soil improvement work in Santa Fe, NM. I've dug down ~24" in an area ca. 2'x 6', creating an empty pit sort of like digging a grave and mixing back in the native dirt in ~4-6" layers with ...
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Hot composting dock roots

I've spent several weeks hand-digging out dock and other obnoxious weeds from our pastures. There's a couple cubic yards of it now in the back of the pickup. I was considering hot-composting this in ...
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Adding clay soil to compost

I just started composting (again). I added a bunch of greens to a big bin, and then I added some soil. In the meanwhile, I was uprooting a bunch of grass for a vegetable bed, and without thinking, I ...
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Composting in Madison, WI : Sun or Shade

I have been researching(googling) weather to keep my Earthmachines composting bin in the sun or shade. I've read that keeping in the sun hastens the process, but tends to dry out the mix. I live in ...
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Composting large amount of loose tea

I recently acquired an Earthmachines composting bin and was wondering if the bin could withstand large amounts of loose tea. We drink lots of tea made from loose tea and it can end up as much kitchen ...
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How much nitrogen per bale in a straw bale garden?

I recently read a NY Times article about straw bale gardening. It says that you should add about 2 1/2 cups of 20% N fertilizer or three pounds of blood meal and feather meal per bale. Add water, wait ...
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Should a compost bin have a roof?

I am building a compost bin and it will be built right on the ground. But is it better with or without a roof? and why? Also does the location change the answer? Lot of rain, snow, etc Thanks
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Is it safe to grow vegetable bushes like Tomato and Chili Peppers on an Active Compost?

I have a 2 months old compost and there are still undecomposed greens in it, and I also have propagated some varieties of Capsicum cultivars & Tomato cultivars and they are getting bigger that ...
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Leafiest Tropical Tree

I currently live in tropical country Philippines and I would like to plant or graft the most leafiest tree serving 2 purpose; first to have a better shade, like I said we live in a tropical climate ...
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Strange things in my purchased manure / algae / compost-mix - unusable?

Three months ago I bought an (20kg pack) organic compost mix of (horse-)manure/algae/compost. In addition it states "naturally moist". I used some part of it and I put it, loosely closed, in a dry but ...
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Is it safe to add compostable plastics to my compost pile?

A couple stores I frequent now use, or are starting to use, plastic bags and cups that say they're compostable. Are these safe to add to my compost pile or are they just more environmentally friendly ...
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What is the difference between compost and soil?

This question has been asked many times on the net and the information provided is unreliable and mostly wrong. What I am aiming to understand is what is lacking in compost that we can't just add it ...
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Compost has larva or maggots?

Inside of my compost which is only like five gallons I see hundreds of maggots or larvae. Is there a way I can dissect them and tell which species they are? I see some reports online that Black ...
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Composting Equine Pine and Rabbit Manure

My wife raises show rabbits, and about a year ago we switched to stacking cages with trays instead of hanging cages. (We switched to an insulted building in order to run an AC window unit due to heat ...
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Meshed-hole Direct Composting design - please comment, suggest changes, advise

I've been putting some worms in my raised beds and feeding them the fresher kitchen scraps. I'm starting to run out of spots to place the food, so for the next bed I build I want to put in ...
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Should I stop adding fruit and vegetable seeds to my compost

I put all my fruit and vegatable scraps in my compost including seeds. This spring is my first time adding my own compost to my garden. Now all those seeds are germinating. I got a good chuckle but ...
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Compost Bin Full - Turning vs. Layer of Browns on Top

I have a small open compost bin, it's now full with layers of brown and green. I read somewhere that I need to turn it occasionally (weekly is ideal), and that I need to keep a 1-4" layer of browns ...
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How should I avoid pests in an open compost bin

I am starting composting. I have a pot (basically, a huge knee-high pot) that I want to use; it doesn't have much in the way of aeration holes, but it's open on top. Two concerns I have are: Open ...