This is a Scheffelera actinophylla, the botanical name for umbrella tree, a species of evergreen tree native to northern Australia which is a common house plant. A common cultivar which may be the one you have is the Amate which has thicker leaves and is less subject to spider mite. In Florida it can approach it's typical outdoor size of around fifty feet when grown outdoors. I am more familiar with them as a house plant where they do not like to be over watered and are subject to scale, mealybug and the dreaded thrip. In an outdoor environment, with plenty of light and adequate access to water your problems are more likely to be controlling how tall it can get.
This plant will respond well to hard pruning if it gets too tall for you. No need to worry about it sulking if it's cut back. Just get a pruning saw or other sharp saw and top it close to the desired height. It will bud out and resume new growth close to the spot where you pruned it.
Edit: magzalez asks about the roots. They are thick with a fairly bark like skin and the usual smaller white feeder roots. If the plant is healthy the smallest roots will be firm and white. The largest roots I have seen are two inches in width but outdoor plants could have larger ones. Might want to check if the roots can get into trouble with water pipes or drains.