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I have a little plant and don't know it's name. I don't know how to maintain it or what kind of soil or fertilizer it needs. Any suggestion is welcomed in advance!

Edit1: Can I bring out the root, and take a picture of it. IMO, If I know it is a taproot or fibrous, It might help in maintenance and the soil it needs. is it right?

left top right

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@jmusser thanks for editing! –  Vahid Hassani May 1 '12 at 4:18

2 Answers 2

Monocots are very tough to identify out of context... You could start by looking through the various genera in Asparagaceae and Liliaceae.

You will know better if it flowers...

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thanks a lot I'm gonna search about Asparagaceae and Liliaceae. –  Vahid Hassani May 5 '12 at 8:47
    
Also if there is anything like a bulb attached to the foliage (Liliaceae) or just root mass (could be Sansevieria). –  kevinsky May 5 '12 at 20:09

This looks like a member of the Sansevieria family, possibly a cultivar of Sansevieria 'Hahnii'. I realize the foliage shown in these pictures is darker with stripes but as the Wikipedia article says

There is great variation in foliage form within the genus.

When raised in low light it stretches out and the foliage becomes a lighter green.

Here are some cultivation suggestions from the Sansevieria society

Sansevierias are succulent plants and so need a well-drained compost and moderate watering. In the summer months they can be watered frequently and appreciate this, as long as the soil does not remain water-logged, but in the cooler months they are best left dry. A minimum winter temperature of 10°C is recommended. Short periods of lower temperatures may however be tolerated as long as the plants are dry.

Sansevierias will grow in many positions but appreciate good light and dappled sun to grow naturally and produce good leaf shape and colouration. Long green leaves, often produced in low light situations, and admired my some collectors and growers, are not normal and the leaves tend to be weak and featureless.

The soil used for Sansevierias can be adapted to suit whatever materials are available locally. The main constituent needs to be a material which anchors the plant in the ground but at the same time keeps the compost open to allow for excess water to drain through quickly. This could be pumice or lava or any other neutral material. To this needs to be added in about equal proportions some kind of material containing humus and fertilizer. Again almost anything will be suitable, peat or coir based composts or even orchid composts with a slow release fertilizer added.

Edit: if the existing soil retains moisture too well you can just re pot with a better draining mixture.

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Thanks a lot for answering, as you mentioned about moderate watering, I will reduce the water but how about soil? can I change the soil to be sure it is well-drained? –  Vahid Hassani May 3 '12 at 4:12
    
Maybe a sansiveria, but wouldnt be my first guess. –  Grady Player May 5 '12 at 2:57

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