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First a little backstory: I bought the basil at a supermarket, where it came in a small plastic vase. I kept it in this vase for three weeks. During these three weeks, I did the following:

  • kept it at the window, with an additional timer lamp to provide more light during the evening (here the sun goes down very early)
  • watered from the bottom, with a reversed coke to always keep some water around. The result was a humid soil on the top.
  • on top of a heat radiator. There's a space of 15 cm between the radiator and the actual board where the vase is sitting. I am not using an aggressive temperature.

In these conditions, the basil appeared to grow well. Got good leaves and new sprouting leaves were well established. I got a couple of slightly yellow leaves in the lower parts of some plants. This may hint at excessive watering, as I read around.

Two days ago I realized the roots were coming out the drain holes, so I decided to transplant the plants into three vases. It is the first time I attempt this procedure, so I am quite sure I did it wrong: I took the plants out of the old vase. I found out that it was basically a lump of roots. I tried to pull, and I clearly felt the roots breaking. I tried to put the lump in water to release some soil but it remained a (now wet) lump. Ok. I just pulled it into three pieces, moved each of them into a vase, where I put some new soil, the lump, and soil all around and to cover it. The new soil is pH 5-6.5, with NPK 14-16-18 fertilizer in slow release coated granules.

After the transplant (which I did at around 15:00, which means that after the transplant, the plants got only three hours of indirect light), I put the three vases (which have drainage as well) in basically the previous situation: a water buffer in a larger container, with the vases inside. The only difference is that I haven't provided artificial light, since I am using the lamp for some sprouts.

After only one day, some plants are clearly stressed and on the brink of death.

enter image description here

This is one of the three vases. Note how some plants appear healthy, while one is clearly dying. This happened within 24 hours.

What did I do wrong ?

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That basil looks very tall and healthy. I'm optimistic it will recover, given enough sunlight. If it were my basil plant I would probably pinch off the leaves that look overly wilted, especially those higher up, and eat them. That way the plant has less infrastructure to deal with during recovery. –  Lisa Nov 29 '11 at 4:22
    
@StefanoBorini How is your basil doing? –  Lorem Ipsum Dec 21 '11 at 1:26
    
@Yoda: one vase died completely. The other two are still struggling, but it seems the worst is over. I think I found the problem in lack of light, so I set up artificial lighting directly on the leaves, which apparently triggered additional leaves to sprout. It seems it is getting better, but still the green is not really intense. Flavor seems ok. –  Stefano Borini Jan 29 '12 at 18:06

2 Answers 2

up vote 6 down vote accepted

That is not unexpected in the first 24 hours. Transplanting certainly induces shock to the plant and all we can do is to minimize the shock. The snapping of the roots you heard is quite common when you separate out root bound plants and as long as you weren't aggressive or remove a lot of them, they should be fine.

That said, here are some observations that might affect your plant's health.

  • A soil pH of 5-6.5 is perhaps a little too acidic for basil. Normally, basil can tolerate something a little to either side of neutral, so about 6-8. However, 5 is getting into blueberry territory and you might want to take care of that, lest the plant dies.
  • Basil requires full sun, i.e. 8+ hours of sun. Given that you planted in the afternoon, with only 3 hours of sunlight, followed by 12 hours of darkness, I'm not surprised that the plant hasn't had the time to recoup itself. If you have a part of the house which gets good direct sun, I'd suggest moving it there, at least till it establishes itself.
  • It is possible that the roots of the drooping plant were 'damaged' a bit more than the others, so it has to also heal and grow those in addition.

I would suggest giving it a few more days to gauge its health (at least 2-3 full days, where it has had the chance to enjoy the sun), before concluding that its dying. Lastly, since it's pretty cold now where you are, I wouldn't suggest taking it anywhere outside as basil plants hate the cold. This could also explain a rather sluggish growth.

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Do you think that the lamp actually has any effect, or am I just wasting electricity ? –  Stefano Borini Nov 28 '11 at 23:32
    
Also, where did you learn these things ? I'm impressed. –  Stefano Borini Nov 28 '11 at 23:35
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@StefanoBorini I've never used a lamp, and I've seen it used more for starting seedlings indoors. I'm not sure if the light from the lamp is sufficient for larger plants (especially if you take in the fact that you can't get as close to the leaves as you can with seedlings), but someone else who has used it can perhaps chime in. Most of what I know has been solely through trial and error and looking up info online/local gardening center when something goes wrong. I've lost plants by doing stupid things, but hey, at least now I know I shouldn't do those! :) –  Lorem Ipsum Nov 28 '11 at 23:49
  • First of all,you should have let the plants rest which means,you should not put it in sun.You must put it in light which is enough for you to be able to see everything(not too dark and not at all bright.)
  • Secondly,you must not prune off any leaves except those which are entirely dead.Since it will only stress out your plant even more (imagine what you would do with a sick person who has just gone through a surgery.Ofcourse you would want to give him rest and make sure he's not stressed out in anyway right?You need to be the same with your basil plants,and let them rest for 2days.)
  • A bit about me: Am a professional in the field of plants.I started plantation from the age of,7yrs,I Started my research from age of 10 and became a expert with a research of,more than,12 months.You may contact me on my e-mail address: (ainy.kamran555@gmail.com)

    Hope it helped you with your problems,

Hamza Ali Kamran Khan

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